Neuregulin1 (NRG1) is a growth factor playing a pivotal role in peripheral nerve development through the activation of the transmembrane co-receptors ErbB2-ErbB3. Soluble NRG1 isoforms, mainly secreted by Schwann cells, are strongly and transiently up-regulated after acute peripheral nerve injury, thus suggesting that they play a crucial role also in the response to nerve damage. Here we show that in the rat experimental model of the peripheral demyelinating neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A (CMT1A) the expression of the different NRG1 isoforms (soluble, type α and β, type a and b) is strongly up-regulated, as well as the expression of NRG1 co-receptors ErbB2-ErbB3, thus showing that CMT1A nerves have a gene expression pattern highly reminiscent of injured nerves. Because it has been shown that high concentrations of soluble NRG1 negatively affect myelination, we suggest that soluble NRG1 over-expression might play a negative role in the pathogenesis of CMT1A disease, and that a therapeutic approach, aimed to interfere with NRG1 activity, might be beneficial for CMT1A patients. Further studies will be necessary to test this hypothesis in animal models and to evaluate NRG1 expression in human patients. Impact statement Charcot-Marie-Tooth1A (CMT1A) is one of the most frequent inherited neurological diseases, characterized by chronic demyelination of peripheral nerves, for which effective therapies are not yet available. It has been recently proposed that the treatment with soluble Neuregulin1 (NRG1), a growth factor released by Schwann cells immediately after acute nerve injury, might be effective in CMT1A treatment. However, the expression of the different isoforms of endogenous NRG1 in CMT1A nerves has not been yet investigated. In this preliminary study, we demonstrate that different isoforms of soluble NRG1 are strongly over-expressed in CMT1A nerves, thus suggesting that a therapeutic approach based on NRG1 treatment should be carefully reconsidered. If soluble NRG1 is over-expressed also in human CMT1A nerves, a therapeutic approach aimed to inhibit (instead of stimulate) the signal transduction pathways driven by NRG1 might be fruitfully developed. Further studies will be necessary to test these hypotheses.
|Titolo:||Soluble Neuregulin1 is strongly up-regulated in the rat model of Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A disease|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|