The paper discusses the redesign of the second version of the Mantis hybrid leg-wheel mobile robot, conceived for surveillance and inspection tasks in unstructured indoor and outdoor environments. This small-scale ground mobile robot is characterized by a main body equipped with two front actuated wheels, a passive rear axle and two rotating legs. Motion on flat and even ground is purely wheeled in order to obtain high speed, high energetic efficiency and stable camera vision; only in case of obstacles or ground irregularities the front legs realize a mixed leg-wheel locomotion to increase the robot climbing ability; in particular, the outer profile of the legs, inspired by the praying mantis, is specially designed to climb square steps. Themultibody simulations and the experimental tests on the first prototype have shown the effectiveness of the mixed leg-wheel locomotion not only for step climbing, but also on uneven and yielding terrains. Nevertheless, extensive experimental tests have shown that the front wheels may slip in the last phase of step climbing in case of contact with some materials. In order to overcome this problem, the leg design has been modified with the introduction of auxiliary passive wheels, which reduce friction between legs and step upper surface; these wheels are connected to the legs by one-way bearings, in order to rotate only when they are pulled by the front wheels, and remaining locked when they have to push forward the robot. The influence of the auxiliary wheels on the front wheels slippage is investigated by means of theoretical analysis and multibody simulations.
|Titolo:||Functional Redesign of Mantis 2.0, a Hybrid Leg-Wheel Robot for Surveillance and Inspection|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|