In the last decades, in situ non-invasive analytical techniques have been widely used for the analysis of paintings. These techniques are useful to extensively map the surface in a non-invasive way, in order to identify the most representative areas to be sampled. When spectroscopic investigations, such as X ray fluorescence (XRF), are conducted, they usually imply the acquisition of a huge amount of measurements. Subsequently, all these data should be processed in situ, in order to immediately support the sampling strategies. To this aim, an appropriate and fast strategy for multivariate treatment of XRF spectral and hyperspectral data sets is presented, able to account for inter-correlation among variables, which is an issue of high importance for elemental analyses. The main advantage of the approach is that XRF spectral profiles are analysed directly, without computation of derived parameters, by means of principal component analysis (PCA). This procedure allows a fast interpretation of results that can be accomplished in situ. Particular attention was paid to the selection of proper spectral pre-treatments to be applied on data together with the use of several chemometric tools (peak alignment, spectra normalisation and exploratory analysis) aimed at improving the interpretation of XRF results. In addition, the application of multivariate exploratory analysis on XRF hyperspectral maps was studied by using an interactive brushing procedure. The multivariate approach was validated on data obtained from the analysis of the famous Renaissance panel painting “The Ideal City”, exhibited in Palazzo Ducale of Urbino, Italy.

An advanced multivariate approach for processing XRF spectral and hyperspectral data from non-invasive in situ analyses on painted surfaces

Oliveri, Paolo;
2012

Abstract

In the last decades, in situ non-invasive analytical techniques have been widely used for the analysis of paintings. These techniques are useful to extensively map the surface in a non-invasive way, in order to identify the most representative areas to be sampled. When spectroscopic investigations, such as X ray fluorescence (XRF), are conducted, they usually imply the acquisition of a huge amount of measurements. Subsequently, all these data should be processed in situ, in order to immediately support the sampling strategies. To this aim, an appropriate and fast strategy for multivariate treatment of XRF spectral and hyperspectral data sets is presented, able to account for inter-correlation among variables, which is an issue of high importance for elemental analyses. The main advantage of the approach is that XRF spectral profiles are analysed directly, without computation of derived parameters, by means of principal component analysis (PCA). This procedure allows a fast interpretation of results that can be accomplished in situ. Particular attention was paid to the selection of proper spectral pre-treatments to be applied on data together with the use of several chemometric tools (peak alignment, spectra normalisation and exploratory analysis) aimed at improving the interpretation of XRF results. In addition, the application of multivariate exploratory analysis on XRF hyperspectral maps was studied by using an interactive brushing procedure. The multivariate approach was validated on data obtained from the analysis of the famous Renaissance panel painting “The Ideal City”, exhibited in Palazzo Ducale of Urbino, Italy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/590948
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