Food and beverage processors require tools to monitor conformance of finished goods to their defined specification; regulatory authorities need appropriate methods for detecting retail fraud. In this report, samples (n = 275) of Belgian and other European beers were collected and analysed using near infrared transflectance spectroscopy; three class-modelling techniques (soft independent modelling of class analogy, SIMCA; potential functions techniques, POTFUN; and unequal dispersed classes, UNEQ) were employed to characterise beer types (firstly Trappist and then Rochefort) while a classification method (partial least squares discriminant analysis, PLS-DA) was applied to discriminate between two final beer classes: Rochefort 8° and Rochefort 10°. The class-models and the classification rules developed were validated by means of an external prediction set. A discussion on the appropriate use of these chemometric approaches is included. Modelling of Trappist beers met with limited success while model efficiencies for Rochefort samples were highest for SIMCA and UNEQ applications i.e. 81.4% and 84.5% respectively. The classification of beers as Rochefort 8° or Rochefort 10° was possible with an average correct classification rate of 93.4%.
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|Titolo:||Confirmation of brand identity in foods by near infrared transflectance spectroscopy using classification and class-modelling chemometric techniques - The example of a Belgian beer|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|