Attitude estimation is a popular topic in marine engineering and robotics; the position and orientation of a vehicle are required as feedback from several control algorithms to improve autonomous navigation capabilities, such as dynamic positioning, track keeping, and autodocking. Typically, position and heading angles are provided by the Global Positioning System and compass. Usually, during the development and testing, the experiments are performed in a controlled environment, such as an indoor test tank. However, Global Positioning System systems can be unreliable due to non-negligible model scale errors or the absence of line-of-sight with the satellites. This article presents an experimental tracking system setup suitable for indoor testing facilities. In particular, the paper presents a tracking system based on a GigE camera and ArUco markers detection and a LiDAR-based tracking system relying on unsupervised machine learning techniques. The MQTT broker-based publish/subscribe message-queuing protocol allows real-time data communication and sharing. The proposed system was developed, installed, and tested in the COMPASS laboratory (University of Genoa). The two tracking systems’ outcomes have been compared. Eventually, an accuracy analysis was performed by comparing the results to the ground truth in purpose-built experiments. The proposed approach can estimate the degrees of freedom of a self-propelled model-scale vessel in an indoor testing facility without requiring active or powered markers and share the information acquired with multiple entities in real-time at a high frame rate.

A multi-sensor indoor tracking system for autonomous marine model-scale vehicles

Ponzini, Filippo;Zaccone, Raphael;Martelli, Michele
2023-01-01

Abstract

Attitude estimation is a popular topic in marine engineering and robotics; the position and orientation of a vehicle are required as feedback from several control algorithms to improve autonomous navigation capabilities, such as dynamic positioning, track keeping, and autodocking. Typically, position and heading angles are provided by the Global Positioning System and compass. Usually, during the development and testing, the experiments are performed in a controlled environment, such as an indoor test tank. However, Global Positioning System systems can be unreliable due to non-negligible model scale errors or the absence of line-of-sight with the satellites. This article presents an experimental tracking system setup suitable for indoor testing facilities. In particular, the paper presents a tracking system based on a GigE camera and ArUco markers detection and a LiDAR-based tracking system relying on unsupervised machine learning techniques. The MQTT broker-based publish/subscribe message-queuing protocol allows real-time data communication and sharing. The proposed system was developed, installed, and tested in the COMPASS laboratory (University of Genoa). The two tracking systems’ outcomes have been compared. Eventually, an accuracy analysis was performed by comparing the results to the ground truth in purpose-built experiments. The proposed approach can estimate the degrees of freedom of a self-propelled model-scale vessel in an indoor testing facility without requiring active or powered markers and share the information acquired with multiple entities in real-time at a high frame rate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1179495
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