Despite an increase in the use of exoskeletons, particularly for medical and occupational applications, few studies have focused on the wrist, even though it is the fourth most common site of musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb. The first part of this paper will present the key challenges to be addressed to implement wrist exoskeletons as wearable devices for novel rehabilitation practices and tools in the occupational/industrial sector. Since the wrist is one of the most complex joints in the body, an understanding of the bio-mechanics and musculo-skeletal disorders of the wrist is essential to extracting design requirements. Depending on the application, each wrist exoskeleton has certain specific design requirements. These requirements have been categorized into six sections: purpose, kinematics, dynamics, rigidity, ergonomics, and safety. These form the driving factors behind the choice of a design depending on the objectives. Different design architectures are explored, forming the basis for the various technical challenges that relate to: actuation type, power source, power transmission, sensing, and control architecture. This paper summarizes, in a systematic approach, all the current technologies adopted, analyzes their benefits and limitations, and finally proposes future perspectives.

State of the Art in Wearable Wrist Exoskeletons Part I: Background Needs and Design Requirements

Pitzalis R. F.;Berselli G.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Despite an increase in the use of exoskeletons, particularly for medical and occupational applications, few studies have focused on the wrist, even though it is the fourth most common site of musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb. The first part of this paper will present the key challenges to be addressed to implement wrist exoskeletons as wearable devices for novel rehabilitation practices and tools in the occupational/industrial sector. Since the wrist is one of the most complex joints in the body, an understanding of the bio-mechanics and musculo-skeletal disorders of the wrist is essential to extracting design requirements. Depending on the application, each wrist exoskeleton has certain specific design requirements. These requirements have been categorized into six sections: purpose, kinematics, dynamics, rigidity, ergonomics, and safety. These form the driving factors behind the choice of a design depending on the objectives. Different design architectures are explored, forming the basis for the various technical challenges that relate to: actuation type, power source, power transmission, sensing, and control architecture. This paper summarizes, in a systematic approach, all the current technologies adopted, analyzes their benefits and limitations, and finally proposes future perspectives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1122982
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