We describe the clinical response to long-term subcutaneous immunoglobulins (SCIg) in anti-3‑hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme-A-reductase (anti-HMCGR) myopathy previously treated with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg). We collected data from patients affected by anti-HMGCR myopathy, switched from IVIg to SCIg therapy, after achieving clinical stabilization. The Medical Research Council sum score, creatine kinase (CK) levels, and anti-HMGCR antibodies were used to assess the response. We identified three patients with anti-HMGCR myopathy treated with SCIg with a favourable clinical course, allowing the maintenance of clinical stability, the reduction or suspension of steroids therapy and in two of them a complete CK normalization. Finally, anti-HMGCR antibodies tested in all patients after 12 months from SCIg starting, showed a global decrease. SCIg represent an useful alternative to long-term IVIg as already well known in several autoimmune neuromuscular disorders and inflammatory myopathies with advantages of lower side effects and home self-administration.

Maintenance treatment with subcutaneous immunoglobulins in the long-term management of anti-HMCGR myopathy

Gemelli C.;Pesce G.;Tagliafico A. S.;Benedetti L.;Fiorillo C.;Schenone A.;Grandis M.
2021

Abstract

We describe the clinical response to long-term subcutaneous immunoglobulins (SCIg) in anti-3‑hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme-A-reductase (anti-HMCGR) myopathy previously treated with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg). We collected data from patients affected by anti-HMGCR myopathy, switched from IVIg to SCIg therapy, after achieving clinical stabilization. The Medical Research Council sum score, creatine kinase (CK) levels, and anti-HMGCR antibodies were used to assess the response. We identified three patients with anti-HMGCR myopathy treated with SCIg with a favourable clinical course, allowing the maintenance of clinical stability, the reduction or suspension of steroids therapy and in two of them a complete CK normalization. Finally, anti-HMGCR antibodies tested in all patients after 12 months from SCIg starting, showed a global decrease. SCIg represent an useful alternative to long-term IVIg as already well known in several autoimmune neuromuscular disorders and inflammatory myopathies with advantages of lower side effects and home self-administration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1047044
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