We investigated the effects of ultrafast laser excitation of Au nanoparticles (NPs) having strong interparticle electromagnetic coupling by irradiating the NPs either at interband or plasmon-resonance wavelengths (13-100 J/m2 fluence regime). We observed that interband excitation is significantly more efficient than plasmonic excitation in reshaping, coalescing, and ultimately sublimating the NPs, despite the light-absorption cross section of interband excitation being almost half that of plasmonic irradiation. We ascribed this to the different localizations of radiation-induced heat sources in the strongly coupled NPs in the two cases. Interband excitation induces homogeneous heat generation in Au, and so the conventional NP heating pathway is followed, eventually leading to overall melting, coalescence, and ablation of Au. Plasmonic irradiation, on the other hand, promotes strong localization of the heat sources within small energetic hot spots, a fact that we suggest may lead to nonthermal effects that melt and reshape the NPs only on the local scale, leaving the system otherwise relatively unscathed.

Interband Transitions Are More Efficient Than Plasmonic Excitation in the Ultrafast Melting of Electromagnetically Coupled Au Nanoparticles

Magnozzi M.;ALABASTRI, ALESSANDRO;Canepa M.;Bisio F.
2019

Abstract

We investigated the effects of ultrafast laser excitation of Au nanoparticles (NPs) having strong interparticle electromagnetic coupling by irradiating the NPs either at interband or plasmon-resonance wavelengths (13-100 J/m2 fluence regime). We observed that interband excitation is significantly more efficient than plasmonic excitation in reshaping, coalescing, and ultimately sublimating the NPs, despite the light-absorption cross section of interband excitation being almost half that of plasmonic irradiation. We ascribed this to the different localizations of radiation-induced heat sources in the strongly coupled NPs in the two cases. Interband excitation induces homogeneous heat generation in Au, and so the conventional NP heating pathway is followed, eventually leading to overall melting, coalescence, and ablation of Au. Plasmonic irradiation, on the other hand, promotes strong localization of the heat sources within small energetic hot spots, a fact that we suggest may lead to nonthermal effects that melt and reshape the NPs only on the local scale, leaving the system otherwise relatively unscathed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/990292
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