Aim: To observe the influence on metabolism and body composition of two oral contraceptives containing non-androgenic progestins in association with estradiol or ethinyl estradiol (EE). Study design: Women on hormonal contraception with estradiol valerate (E2V)/dienogest (DNG) in a quadriphasic regimen (n 1⁄4 16) or 30 mg EE/2 mg chlormadinone acetate (CMA) (n 1⁄4 16) in a monophasic regimen were evaluated at the third cycle for modifications in lipoproteins, apoproteins and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and at the sixth cycle for body composition and the markers of bone turnover osteocalcin and C-telopeptide X. Results: During E2V/DNG lipoprotein, apoproteins and HOMA-IR remained stable. During EE/CMA, total-cholesterol (p1⁄40.003), high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (p1⁄40.001), triglycerides (p 1⁄4 0.003) Apoprotein-A1 (Apo-A1; p 1⁄4 0.001) and Apo B (p 1⁄4 0.04) increased, low- density lipoprotein/HDL (p1⁄40.039) decreased and total-cholesterol/HDL and Apoprotein- B/Apo-A1 ratio did not vary. HOMA-IR slightly increased from 1.33±0.87 to 1.95±0.88 (p1⁄40.005). There was a reduction of markers of bone metabolism in both groups with no modification of body composition. Conclusions: Administration of E2V/DNG does not influence lipid and glucose metabolism, while mixed effect are exerted by EE/CMA. Both preparations reduce bone metabolism without influencing short-term effect on body composition.
|Titolo:||Modification of body composition and metabolism during oral contraceptives containing non-androgenic progestins in association with estradiol or ethinyl estradiol|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|
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