Differentiated thyroid cancer arising from thyroid follicular epithelial cells is the most frequent endocrine malignancy, and skin metastases are very rare. We describe a case of a 70-year-old women with a history of an indeterminate thyroid nodule on cytology. A painless, erythematous skin nodule of about 7 mm diameter was removed from the scalp and diagnosed as a metastasis from thyroid cancer. After total thyroidectomy, a histological diagnosis of follicular thyroid cancer was made. Two cycles of radioactive iodine were performed. Both the follicular thyroid carcinoma and the metastasis were investigated for the presence of BRAF/RAS and TERT promoter mutations. The results showed that the cutaneous metastasis was BRAF wild-type and TERT promoter-mutated (position g.1,295,228 C>T); in contrast, the primary thyroid lesion was negative for both molecular markers.

An H-TERT Mutated Skin Metastasis as First Occurrence in a Case of Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma

Monti E;Pitto F;Conte L;Ambrosetti E;Minuto MN;Morbelli S;Giusti M
2019

Abstract

Differentiated thyroid cancer arising from thyroid follicular epithelial cells is the most frequent endocrine malignancy, and skin metastases are very rare. We describe a case of a 70-year-old women with a history of an indeterminate thyroid nodule on cytology. A painless, erythematous skin nodule of about 7 mm diameter was removed from the scalp and diagnosed as a metastasis from thyroid cancer. After total thyroidectomy, a histological diagnosis of follicular thyroid cancer was made. Two cycles of radioactive iodine were performed. Both the follicular thyroid carcinoma and the metastasis were investigated for the presence of BRAF/RAS and TERT promoter mutations. The results showed that the cutaneous metastasis was BRAF wild-type and TERT promoter-mutated (position g.1,295,228 C>T); in contrast, the primary thyroid lesion was negative for both molecular markers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/968660
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