Purpose: We assessed the performance of different continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) helmets equipped with a safety valve during discontinuation of fresh gas flow. Methods: This was a physiological study of five healthy volunteers. We delivered CPAP (fresh gas flow 60 l/min, FiO260%, PEEP 5 cmH2O) with three different helmets in a random sequence: 4Vent (Rüsch), HelmHAR-cp (Harol) and CaStar CP210 (StarMed). For each helmet we randomly applied, for up to 4 min, three disconnections of fresh gas flow: helmet inlet (Dinlet), flowmeter (Dflowmeter) and gas source (Dsource). We continuously recorded from a nostril: end-tidal CO2(PetCO2), inspiratory CO2(PiCO2), fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and respiratory rate (RR). Results: During every disconnection we observed an increase in PiCO2and PetCO2with a drop in FiO2, while RR did not change. FiO2decreased more quickly in the CaStar, equipped with the largest safety valve, during Dsourceand Dflowmeter, while FiO2decreased more quickly during Dinletin CaStar and in 4Vent. PiCO2resulted in a lower increase in CaStar during Dsourceand Dflowmetercompared to 4Vent. PetCO2in CaStar increases more slowly compared to 4Vent during Dsourceand more slowly compared to the other two helmets during Dflowmeter. During Dinletsimilar degrees of CO2rebreathing and PetCO2were recorded among all the helmets. Conclusions: To minimize CO2rebreathing during disconnection of the fresh gas supply while performing helmet CPAP, it is desirable to utilize large helmets with a large anti-suffocation valve. Monitoring and alarm systems should be employed for safe application of helmet CPAP. © 2011 jointly held by Springer and ESICM.

Performance of different continuous positive airway pressure helmets equipped with safety valves during failure of fresh gas supply

Patroniti, Nicolò
2011

Abstract

Purpose: We assessed the performance of different continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) helmets equipped with a safety valve during discontinuation of fresh gas flow. Methods: This was a physiological study of five healthy volunteers. We delivered CPAP (fresh gas flow 60 l/min, FiO260%, PEEP 5 cmH2O) with three different helmets in a random sequence: 4Vent (Rüsch), HelmHAR-cp (Harol) and CaStar CP210 (StarMed). For each helmet we randomly applied, for up to 4 min, three disconnections of fresh gas flow: helmet inlet (Dinlet), flowmeter (Dflowmeter) and gas source (Dsource). We continuously recorded from a nostril: end-tidal CO2(PetCO2), inspiratory CO2(PiCO2), fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and respiratory rate (RR). Results: During every disconnection we observed an increase in PiCO2and PetCO2with a drop in FiO2, while RR did not change. FiO2decreased more quickly in the CaStar, equipped with the largest safety valve, during Dsourceand Dflowmeter, while FiO2decreased more quickly during Dinletin CaStar and in 4Vent. PiCO2resulted in a lower increase in CaStar during Dsourceand Dflowmetercompared to 4Vent. PetCO2in CaStar increases more slowly compared to 4Vent during Dsourceand more slowly compared to the other two helmets during Dflowmeter. During Dinletsimilar degrees of CO2rebreathing and PetCO2were recorded among all the helmets. Conclusions: To minimize CO2rebreathing during disconnection of the fresh gas supply while performing helmet CPAP, it is desirable to utilize large helmets with a large anti-suffocation valve. Monitoring and alarm systems should be employed for safe application of helmet CPAP. © 2011 jointly held by Springer and ESICM.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/956145
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