EEG activation of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) during NREM sleep is a well-described phenomenon that occurs in the majority of epileptic syndromes. In drug-resistant focal epilepsy, IED activation seems to be related to slow wave activity (SWA), especially during arousal fluctuations, namely phase A of the cyclic alternating pattern (CAP). Conversely, in childhood focal epileptic syndromes, including Encephalopathy related to Status Epilepticus during slow Sleep (ESES), IED activation seems primarily modulated by sleep-inducing and maintaining mechanisms as reflected by the dynamics of spindle frequency activity (SFA) rather than SWA. In this article, we will review the effect of sleep on IEDs with a particular attention on the activation and modulation of IEDs in ESES. Finally, we will discuss the role of the thalamus and cortico-thalamic circuitry in this syndrome.
|Titolo:||Interictal epileptiform discharges in sleep and the role of the thalamus in Encephalopathy related to Status Epilepticus during slow Sleep|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|
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