Background: Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most effective surveillance tool for the detection of asymptomatic progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). However, the optimal frequency for routine MRI surveillance is under-investigated. Objective: To understand whether, upon their first MRI appearance, PML lesions present a difference in volume when comparing patients who frequently underwent MRI surveillance (3/4 months) with those who were assessed at longer intervals (6/12 months) and to understand the impact of the volume of lesions on clinical outcome. Methods: The data of patients included in the Italian PML cohort were retrospectively analysed. Patients who had all the pre-diagnostic MRI scans available (n = 37) were included. The volume of PML lesion was calculated by manually outlining the PML lesion. Results: Compared with patients who underwent MRI examination at least every 4 months, patients who were assessed less frequently had a lesion of significantly higher volume (median: 2567 (883–3583) vs. 664 mm3 (392–963) p = 0.006) and suffered a higher rate of disability (median: 2.25 expanded disability status scale points (–2.5 to 8) vs. 0.5 (–1 to 2.5) p = 0.004). Conclusion: The positive clinical outcome of patients undergoing frequent MRI surveillance and the small volume of the PML lesion upon first appearance justify a frequent surveillance using MRI in patients at high risk of PML.
|Titolo:||Should frequent MRI monitoring be performed in natalizumab-treated MS patients? A contribution to a recent debate|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|