Objectives: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and complex autoimmune disorder characterized by microvascular damage and progressive fibrosis which affects the skin and multiple other organs. Much of the published data concerning SSc and the eye consists of single case reports or small case studies. This systematic review aims to provide an overview of the current level of evidence for SSc-related ocular changes. Materials and methods: A systematic literature review was conducted using 3 electronic databases, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A combination of following keywords was used: “Systemic Sclerosis” and ophthalmology-related search terms, including the keywords “Eye”, “Ocular” and “Ophthalmic”. All articles were screened by 2 independent reviewers at title, abstract and full text level. We solely included case-control studies that investigated specific ocular findings in SSc patients compared to healthy controls. Results: Nine of 270 articles were retained. Dry eye symptoms are associated with SSc, whereas objective signs (Schirmer I testing) show conflicting results. There is insufficient evidence of SSc-related changes to the central corneal thickness. In terms of posterior segment involvement, choroidal vasculature appears to be affected to greater extent than the retinal microcirculation. However, the limited number of patients included in the studies renders it hazardous to draw overall conclusions. Conclusions: There is a paucity of well-designed case-control studies investigating possible ocular involvement in SSc. Our systematic review demonstrates limited proven associations between SSc and ocular abnormalities, mainly in terms of dry eye symptoms and choroidal thickness. Future standardized prospective studies are needed to clarify the impact of the disease on the eye.

Ocular involvement in systemic sclerosis: A systematic literature review, it's not all scleroderma that meets the eye

Cutolo M;Cutolo CA;
2019

Abstract

Objectives: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and complex autoimmune disorder characterized by microvascular damage and progressive fibrosis which affects the skin and multiple other organs. Much of the published data concerning SSc and the eye consists of single case reports or small case studies. This systematic review aims to provide an overview of the current level of evidence for SSc-related ocular changes. Materials and methods: A systematic literature review was conducted using 3 electronic databases, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A combination of following keywords was used: “Systemic Sclerosis” and ophthalmology-related search terms, including the keywords “Eye”, “Ocular” and “Ophthalmic”. All articles were screened by 2 independent reviewers at title, abstract and full text level. We solely included case-control studies that investigated specific ocular findings in SSc patients compared to healthy controls. Results: Nine of 270 articles were retained. Dry eye symptoms are associated with SSc, whereas objective signs (Schirmer I testing) show conflicting results. There is insufficient evidence of SSc-related changes to the central corneal thickness. In terms of posterior segment involvement, choroidal vasculature appears to be affected to greater extent than the retinal microcirculation. However, the limited number of patients included in the studies renders it hazardous to draw overall conclusions. Conclusions: There is a paucity of well-designed case-control studies investigating possible ocular involvement in SSc. Our systematic review demonstrates limited proven associations between SSc and ocular abnormalities, mainly in terms of dry eye symptoms and choroidal thickness. Future standardized prospective studies are needed to clarify the impact of the disease on the eye.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Ocular involvement in systemic sclerosis.pdf

accesso chiuso

Dimensione 405.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
405.59 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/942306
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact