Melt-crystallization of poly (butylene 2,6-naphthalate) (PBN) at temperatures lower than about 160 °C follows Ostwald's rule of stages, leading first to formation of a transient smectic liquid crystalline phase (LC) which then may convert in a second step into crystals, controlled by kinetics. In the present work, the PBN melt was cooled at different rates in a fast scanning chip calorimeter to below the glass transition temperature, to obtain different structural states before analysis of the cold-crystallization behavior on heating. It was found that heating of fully amorphous PBN at 1000 K/s leads to a similar two-step crystallization process as on cooling the quiescent melt, with LC-formation occurring slightly above Tg and their transformation into crystals at their stability limit close to 200 °C. In-situ polarized-light optical microscopy provided information that the transition of the LC-phase into crystals on slow heating is not connected with a change of the micrometer-scale superstructure, as the recently found Schlieren texture remains unchanged.

Cold-crystallization of poly(butylene 2,6-naphthalate) following Ostwald's rule of stages

Cavallo, Dario;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Melt-crystallization of poly (butylene 2,6-naphthalate) (PBN) at temperatures lower than about 160 °C follows Ostwald's rule of stages, leading first to formation of a transient smectic liquid crystalline phase (LC) which then may convert in a second step into crystals, controlled by kinetics. In the present work, the PBN melt was cooled at different rates in a fast scanning chip calorimeter to below the glass transition temperature, to obtain different structural states before analysis of the cold-crystallization behavior on heating. It was found that heating of fully amorphous PBN at 1000 K/s leads to a similar two-step crystallization process as on cooling the quiescent melt, with LC-formation occurring slightly above Tg and their transformation into crystals at their stability limit close to 200 °C. In-situ polarized-light optical microscopy provided information that the transition of the LC-phase into crystals on slow heating is not connected with a change of the micrometer-scale superstructure, as the recently found Schlieren texture remains unchanged.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/937761
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