Abandoned sulfide mines represent one of the most important causes of pollution in the world. These environments are characterized by the absence of a real soil and plant life and are colonized only by pioneer microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. Mycelial fungi interact with mineral compounds through many direct or indirect strategies, develop a significant biomass in soil and sequester significant amounts of metals. In this study, three fungal species (Penicillium brevicompactum, P. glandicola, and a strain of Trichoderma harzianum species complex), isolated from the Libiola sulfide mine (Liguria, Italy), were tested on mineral tolerance to pyrite-chalcopyrite mineralizations, mineral bioleaching and metal accumulation. All the species were able to grow on extremely acid media enriched with sulfide mineralizations. In particular T. harzianum revealed the great capacity to bioconcentrate Ag, Cu, Cd and Zn, which were released during pyrite alteration. These results showed the microfungi active role played in the pedogenetic processes and their potential use in metal mining and bioremediation.

Interactions among microfungi and pyrite-chalcopyrite mineralizations: tolerance, mineral bioleaching, metals bioaccumulation

Grazia Cecchi;Pietro Marescotti;Simone Di Piazza;Mirca Zotti
2019-01-01

Abstract

Abandoned sulfide mines represent one of the most important causes of pollution in the world. These environments are characterized by the absence of a real soil and plant life and are colonized only by pioneer microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. Mycelial fungi interact with mineral compounds through many direct or indirect strategies, develop a significant biomass in soil and sequester significant amounts of metals. In this study, three fungal species (Penicillium brevicompactum, P. glandicola, and a strain of Trichoderma harzianum species complex), isolated from the Libiola sulfide mine (Liguria, Italy), were tested on mineral tolerance to pyrite-chalcopyrite mineralizations, mineral bioleaching and metal accumulation. All the species were able to grow on extremely acid media enriched with sulfide mineralizations. In particular T. harzianum revealed the great capacity to bioconcentrate Ag, Cu, Cd and Zn, which were released during pyrite alteration. These results showed the microfungi active role played in the pedogenetic processes and their potential use in metal mining and bioremediation.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Cecchi2019_Article_InteractionsAmongMicrofungiAnd.pdf

accesso chiuso

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Documento in versione editoriale
Dimensione 5.56 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.56 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/933739
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact