Introduction: Fatigue is a frequent, disabling, and difficult to treat symptom in neurological disease and in other stress-related conditions; Integrated Imaginative Distention (IID) is a therapy combining muscular and imaginative relaxation, feasible also in disabled subjects; the DIMMI SI trial was planned to evaluate IID efficacy on fatigue. Methods: The design was a parallel, randomised 1:1 (intervention:waiting list), controlled, open-label trial. Participants were persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS), persons with insomnia (pwINS), and health professionals (HP) as conditions related to fatigue and stress. The primary outcome was the post-intervention change of fatigue; secondary outcomes were changes in insomnia, stress, and quality of life (QoL). Eight IID weekly training group sessions were delivered by a skilled psychotherapist. The study lasted 12 months. Results: One hundred and forty-four subjects were enrolled, 48 for each condition. The mean change in Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS) score among exposed was 7.7 [95% CI 1.1, 14.4] (P = 0.023) in pwMS; 7.1 [1.9, 12.3] (P = 0.007) among pwINS, and 11.3 [4.3, 18.2] among HP (P = 0.002). At the last follow-up, the benefit was confirmed on physical fatigue for pwMS, on total fatigue for pwINS and HP. Conclusions: DIMMI SI is the first randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of IID on fatigue. IID resulted a complementary intervention to reduce fatigue in stress-related conditions, in both health and disease status. NCT02290990ClinicalTrials.gov.
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|Titolo:||Integrated Imaginative Distention Therapy to Cope with Fatigue. DIMMI SI Study: The First Randomized Controlled Trial in Multiple Sclerosis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|