Sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE) is an epilepsy syndrome that is characterized by the occurrence of sleep-related hypermotor seizures of variable complexity and duration. Seizures usually arise in the frontal lobe, but extrafrontal seizure onset zones are well described. To identify clinically relevant ictal features of SHE that could distinguish a frontal from an extrafrontal onset zone, we conducted a retrospective analysis of seizure characteristics in 58 patients with drug-resistant SHE (43 frontal and 15 extrafrontal) who underwent video-stereo-electroencephalographic recordings and became seizure-free after epilepsy surgery. We found that the mean duration of electrographic seizures and clinically observable ictal manifestations were significantly shorter in frontal SHE compared to extrafrontal SHE. The mean latency between electrographic seizure onset and the onset of hypermotor manifestations was also shorter in frontal SHE. Accordingly, a latency > 5 seconds between the first video-detectable movement (eg, eye opening or a minor motor event) and the onset of hypermotor manifestations yielded a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 90% for an extrafrontal onset, thereby indicating that specific ictal features in SHE can provide clinically useful clues to increase diagnostic accuracy in this syndrome.
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|Titolo:||Seizure duration and latency of hypermotor manifestations distinguish frontal from extrafrontal onset in sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|