Drug delivery monitoring and tracking in the human body are two of the biggest challenges in targeted therapy to be addressed by nanomedicine. The ability of imaging drugs and micro-/nanoengineered drug carriers and of visualizing their interactions at the cellular interface in a label-free manner is crucial in providing the ability of tracking their cellular pathways and will help understand their biological impact, allowing thus to improve the therapeutic efficacy. We present a fast, label-free technique to achieve high-resolution imaging at the mid-infrared (MIR) spectrum that provides chemical information. Using our custom-made benchtop infrared microscope using a high-repetition-rate pulsed laser (80 MHz, 40 ps), we were able to acquire images with subwavelength resolution (0.8 × λ) at very high speeds. As a proof-of-concept, we embarked on the investigation of nanoengineered polyelectrolyte capsules (NPCs) containing the anticancer drug, docetaxel. These NPCs were synthesized using a layer-by-layer approach built upon a calcium carbonate (CaCO3) core, which was then removed away with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The obtained MIR images show that NPCs are attached to the cell membrane, which is a good step toward an efficient drug delivery. This has been confirmed by both three-dimensional confocal fluorescence and stimulated emission depletion microscopy. Coupled with additional instrumentation and data processing advancements, this setup is capable of video-rate imaging speeds and will be significantly complementing current super-resolution microscopy techniques while providing an unperturbed view into living cells.

Image-Based Tracking of Anticancer Drug-Loaded Nanoengineered Polyelectrolyte Capsules in Cellular Environments Using a Fast Benchtop Mid-Infrared (MIR) Microscope

Pastorino, Laura;BAGNOLI, ENRICO;D'Autilia, Francesca;Diaspro, Alberto;Ruggiero, Carmelina;Tofail, Syed A. M.
2018

Abstract

Drug delivery monitoring and tracking in the human body are two of the biggest challenges in targeted therapy to be addressed by nanomedicine. The ability of imaging drugs and micro-/nanoengineered drug carriers and of visualizing their interactions at the cellular interface in a label-free manner is crucial in providing the ability of tracking their cellular pathways and will help understand their biological impact, allowing thus to improve the therapeutic efficacy. We present a fast, label-free technique to achieve high-resolution imaging at the mid-infrared (MIR) spectrum that provides chemical information. Using our custom-made benchtop infrared microscope using a high-repetition-rate pulsed laser (80 MHz, 40 ps), we were able to acquire images with subwavelength resolution (0.8 × λ) at very high speeds. As a proof-of-concept, we embarked on the investigation of nanoengineered polyelectrolyte capsules (NPCs) containing the anticancer drug, docetaxel. These NPCs were synthesized using a layer-by-layer approach built upon a calcium carbonate (CaCO3) core, which was then removed away with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The obtained MIR images show that NPCs are attached to the cell membrane, which is a good step toward an efficient drug delivery. This has been confirmed by both three-dimensional confocal fluorescence and stimulated emission depletion microscopy. Coupled with additional instrumentation and data processing advancements, this setup is capable of video-rate imaging speeds and will be significantly complementing current super-resolution microscopy techniques while providing an unperturbed view into living cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/918894
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