Drug delivery monitoring and tracking in the human body are two of the biggest challenges in targeted therapy to be addressed by nanomedicine. The ability of imaging drugs and micro-/nanoengineered drug carriers and of visualizing their interactions at the cellular interface in a label-free manner is crucial in providing the ability of tracking their cellular pathways and will help understand their biological impact, allowing thus to improve the therapeutic efficacy. We present a fast, label-free technique to achieve high-resolution imaging at the mid-infrared (MIR) spectrum that provides chemical information. Using our custom-made benchtop infrared microscope using a high-repetition-rate pulsed laser (80 MHz, 40 ps), we were able to acquire images with subwavelength resolution (0.8 × λ) at very high speeds. As a proof-of-concept, we embarked on the investigation of nanoengineered polyelectrolyte capsules (NPCs) containing the anticancer drug, docetaxel. These NPCs were synthesized using a layer-by-layer approach built upon a calcium carbonate (CaCO3) core, which was then removed away with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The obtained MIR images show that NPCs are attached to the cell membrane, which is a good step toward an efficient drug delivery. This has been confirmed by both three-dimensional confocal fluorescence and stimulated emission depletion microscopy. Coupled with additional instrumentation and data processing advancements, this setup is capable of video-rate imaging speeds and will be significantly complementing current super-resolution microscopy techniques while providing an unperturbed view into living cells.
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|Titolo:||Image-Based Tracking of Anticancer Drug-Loaded Nanoengineered Polyelectrolyte Capsules in Cellular Environments Using a Fast Benchtop Mid-Infrared (MIR) Microscope|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|