Mixture of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ and Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ, was investigated as promising cathode for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). The two perovskites possess high catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction (ORR), although some problems related to their chemical and structural stability have still to be overcome in view of improving durability of the cell performance. The achievement of a stable and high-performing composite material is the aim of this study. In principle, chemical equilibrium at the LSCF-BSCF interface may be reached through ions interdiffusion during the sintering process, resulting in the chemical stabilization of the material. The composite-cathode deposited on Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-δ electrolyte was then investigated by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) as a function of temperature, overpotential and time. The results exhibited an interesting electrochemical behavior of the electrode toward oxygen reduction reaction. XRD analysis was performed to detect structural modification during thermal or operation stages and it was found that after the sintering the two starting perovskites were no longer present; a new phase with a rhombohedral La0,4Sr0,6FeO3-type structure (LSF) is formed. An improvement in composite cathode durability has been detected under the considered operating conditions (200 mAcm-2, 700 °C) in comparison with the pure BSCF electrode. The results confirmed this new electrode as promising system for further investigation as IT-SOFC cathode.

Characterisation of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ- Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δcomposite as cathode for solid oxide fuel cells

Carpanese, M. P.;Clematis, D.;Presto, S.;Panizza, M.;Cerisola, G.;Barbucci, A.
2018

Abstract

Mixture of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ and Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ, was investigated as promising cathode for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). The two perovskites possess high catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction (ORR), although some problems related to their chemical and structural stability have still to be overcome in view of improving durability of the cell performance. The achievement of a stable and high-performing composite material is the aim of this study. In principle, chemical equilibrium at the LSCF-BSCF interface may be reached through ions interdiffusion during the sintering process, resulting in the chemical stabilization of the material. The composite-cathode deposited on Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-δ electrolyte was then investigated by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) as a function of temperature, overpotential and time. The results exhibited an interesting electrochemical behavior of the electrode toward oxygen reduction reaction. XRD analysis was performed to detect structural modification during thermal or operation stages and it was found that after the sintering the two starting perovskites were no longer present; a new phase with a rhombohedral La0,4Sr0,6FeO3-type structure (LSF) is formed. An improvement in composite cathode durability has been detected under the considered operating conditions (200 mAcm-2, 700 °C) in comparison with the pure BSCF electrode. The results confirmed this new electrode as promising system for further investigation as IT-SOFC cathode.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/913360
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