In this study, two novel Lu5Pd4Ge8and Lu3Pd4Ge4polar intermetallics were prepared by direct synthesis of pure constituents. Their crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis: Lu5Pd4Ge8is monoclinic, P21/m, mP34, a = 5.7406(3), b = 13.7087(7), c = 8.3423(4) Å, β = 107.8(1), Z = 2; Lu3Pd4Ge4is orthorhombic, Immm, oI22, a = 4.1368(3), b = 6.9192(5), c = 13.8229(9) Å, Z = 2. The Lu5Pd4Ge8analysed crystal is one more example of non-merohedral twinning among the rare earth containing germanides. Chemical bonding DFT studies were conducted for these polar intermetallics and showing a metallic-like behavior. Gathered results for Lu5Pd4Ge8and Lu3Pd4Ge4permit to described both of them as composed by [Pd–Ge]δ–three dimensional networks bonded to positively charged lutetium species. From the structural chemical point of view, the studied compounds manifest some similarities to the Zintl phases, containing well-known covalent fragment i.e., Ge dumbbells as well as unique cis-Ge4units. A comparative analysis of molecular orbital diagrams for Ge26–and cis-Ge10–anions with COHP results supports the idea of the existence of complex Pd–Ge polyanions hosting covalently bonded partially polarised Ge units. The palladium atoms have an anion like behaviour and being the most electronegative cause the noticeable variation of Ge species charges from site to site. Lutetium charges oscillate around +1.5 for all crystallographic positions. Obtained results explained why the classical Zintl-Klemm concept can’t be applied for the studied polar intermetallics.

Lu5Pd4Ge8 and Lu3Pd4Ge4: Two more germanides among polar intermetallics

Freccero, Riccardo;Solokha, Pavlo;Saccone, Adriana;De Negri, Serena
2018

Abstract

In this study, two novel Lu5Pd4Ge8and Lu3Pd4Ge4polar intermetallics were prepared by direct synthesis of pure constituents. Their crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis: Lu5Pd4Ge8is monoclinic, P21/m, mP34, a = 5.7406(3), b = 13.7087(7), c = 8.3423(4) Å, β = 107.8(1), Z = 2; Lu3Pd4Ge4is orthorhombic, Immm, oI22, a = 4.1368(3), b = 6.9192(5), c = 13.8229(9) Å, Z = 2. The Lu5Pd4Ge8analysed crystal is one more example of non-merohedral twinning among the rare earth containing germanides. Chemical bonding DFT studies were conducted for these polar intermetallics and showing a metallic-like behavior. Gathered results for Lu5Pd4Ge8and Lu3Pd4Ge4permit to described both of them as composed by [Pd–Ge]δ–three dimensional networks bonded to positively charged lutetium species. From the structural chemical point of view, the studied compounds manifest some similarities to the Zintl phases, containing well-known covalent fragment i.e., Ge dumbbells as well as unique cis-Ge4units. A comparative analysis of molecular orbital diagrams for Ge26–and cis-Ge10–anions with COHP results supports the idea of the existence of complex Pd–Ge polyanions hosting covalently bonded partially polarised Ge units. The palladium atoms have an anion like behaviour and being the most electronegative cause the noticeable variation of Ge species charges from site to site. Lutetium charges oscillate around +1.5 for all crystallographic positions. Obtained results explained why the classical Zintl-Klemm concept can’t be applied for the studied polar intermetallics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/912926
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