The meteorological services of mid-latitude countries record wind speeds averaged over 10 min or 1 h periods and peak wind speeds for the same averaging period or a full day. Design wind speeds based on the statistical analysis of this data in a mixed wind climate may prove to be imprecise and unsafe due to the occurrence of intense, small and rapid extreme wind events such as thunderstorm outflows. Considering the 6 year continuous high-frequency records registered in two Port areas of the Upper Tyrrhenian Sea, a preliminary but representative analysis of the extreme wind speed distribution has been carried out in a mixed wind climate area frequently struck by thunderstorms. Results show that wind speeds with a high return period are always related to thunderstorm outflows. The mixed extreme distribution asymptotically overlaps with that for thunderstorms for high return periods and always provides the highest wind speeds. Gathering the ensemble of all extreme values into a single set leads to underestimating of the extreme wind speed. The Italian code provides conservative estimates of the extreme wind speed that protect designers from thunderstorms as well. However, refined analyses of the local wind climate that ignore thunderstorm events may lead to severe underestimations of the design wind velocity.

Extreme wind speed distribution in a mixed wind climate

Solari, Giovanni;Repetto, Maria Pia
2018

Abstract

The meteorological services of mid-latitude countries record wind speeds averaged over 10 min or 1 h periods and peak wind speeds for the same averaging period or a full day. Design wind speeds based on the statistical analysis of this data in a mixed wind climate may prove to be imprecise and unsafe due to the occurrence of intense, small and rapid extreme wind events such as thunderstorm outflows. Considering the 6 year continuous high-frequency records registered in two Port areas of the Upper Tyrrhenian Sea, a preliminary but representative analysis of the extreme wind speed distribution has been carried out in a mixed wind climate area frequently struck by thunderstorms. Results show that wind speeds with a high return period are always related to thunderstorm outflows. The mixed extreme distribution asymptotically overlaps with that for thunderstorms for high return periods and always provides the highest wind speeds. Gathering the ensemble of all extreme values into a single set leads to underestimating of the extreme wind speed. The Italian code provides conservative estimates of the extreme wind speed that protect designers from thunderstorms as well. However, refined analyses of the local wind climate that ignore thunderstorm events may lead to severe underestimations of the design wind velocity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/912068
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