The periodic cellular topology characterizing the microscale structure of a heterogeneous material may allow the finest functional customization of its acoustic dispersion properties. The paper addresses the free propagation of elastic waves in micro-structured cellular materials. Focus is on the alternative formulations suited to describe the wave propagation in the material, according to the classic canons of solid or structural mechanics. Adopting the centrosymmetric tetrachiral microstructure as prototypical periodic cell, the frequency dispersion spectrum resulting from a synthetic lagrangian beam-lattice formulation is compared with its counterpart derived from different continuous models (high-fidelity first-order heterogeneous and equivalent homogenized micropolar continuum). Asymptotic perturbation-based approximations and numerical spectral solutions are cross-validated. Adopting the low-frequency band gaps of the material band structures as functional targets, parametric analyses are carried out to highlight the descriptive limits of the synthetic models and to explore the enlarged parameter space described by high-fidelity models. The final tuning of the mechanical properties of the cellular microstructure is employed to successfully verify the wave filtering functionality of the tetrachiral material.

Bloch wave filtering in tetrachiral materials via mechanical tuning

Vadalà, F.;Bacigalupo, A.;Lepidi, M.;Gambarotta, L.
2018

Abstract

The periodic cellular topology characterizing the microscale structure of a heterogeneous material may allow the finest functional customization of its acoustic dispersion properties. The paper addresses the free propagation of elastic waves in micro-structured cellular materials. Focus is on the alternative formulations suited to describe the wave propagation in the material, according to the classic canons of solid or structural mechanics. Adopting the centrosymmetric tetrachiral microstructure as prototypical periodic cell, the frequency dispersion spectrum resulting from a synthetic lagrangian beam-lattice formulation is compared with its counterpart derived from different continuous models (high-fidelity first-order heterogeneous and equivalent homogenized micropolar continuum). Asymptotic perturbation-based approximations and numerical spectral solutions are cross-validated. Adopting the low-frequency band gaps of the material band structures as functional targets, parametric analyses are carried out to highlight the descriptive limits of the synthetic models and to explore the enlarged parameter space described by high-fidelity models. The final tuning of the mechanical properties of the cellular microstructure is employed to successfully verify the wave filtering functionality of the tetrachiral material.
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Descrizione: Composite Structures 201 2018 pp.340-351
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/911824
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