Objective: The treatment of bladder diverticula consists of diverticulectomy, mainly by a laparoscopic approach or transurethral resection of the diverticular neck and fulguration of the mucosa. The endoscopic approach is generally dedicated to small diverticula. The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic diverticulectomy versus endoscopic fulguration for bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of the medical records of consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic or laparoscopic treatment for bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm at two tertiary hospitals was performed. Therapeutic success was defined as either complete resolution or a decrease of at least 80% in the size of the diverticulum. Complications were recorded and graded according to the Clavien–Dindo classification. Results: All patients were treated with transurethral resection of the prostate in the same operative session. The endoscopic group included a cohort of 20 male patients. The median age, diverticular diameter and operative time were 65 years, 7 cm and 62.5 min, respectively. No early postoperative complications were observed. Therapeutic success was achieved in 15 cases (75%). The laparoscopic group included a cohort of 13 male patients with a median age of 63 years and median diverticular diameter of 7.0 cm. The median operative time was 185 min (p < 0.0001). Two grade III postoperative complications were observed (15.3%). Therapeutic success was achieved in all patients (100%). Conclusions: Acquired bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm can be effectively managed either by a laparoscopic approach or by endoscopic fulguration.

Large bladder diverticula: a comparison between laparoscopic excision and endoscopic fulguration

Mantica, Guglielmo;Maffezzini, Massimo;Justich, Matteo;Traverso, Paolo;Gallo, Fabio;Terrone, Carlo
2018

Abstract

Objective: The treatment of bladder diverticula consists of diverticulectomy, mainly by a laparoscopic approach or transurethral resection of the diverticular neck and fulguration of the mucosa. The endoscopic approach is generally dedicated to small diverticula. The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic diverticulectomy versus endoscopic fulguration for bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of the medical records of consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic or laparoscopic treatment for bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm at two tertiary hospitals was performed. Therapeutic success was defined as either complete resolution or a decrease of at least 80% in the size of the diverticulum. Complications were recorded and graded according to the Clavien–Dindo classification. Results: All patients were treated with transurethral resection of the prostate in the same operative session. The endoscopic group included a cohort of 20 male patients. The median age, diverticular diameter and operative time were 65 years, 7 cm and 62.5 min, respectively. No early postoperative complications were observed. Therapeutic success was achieved in 15 cases (75%). The laparoscopic group included a cohort of 13 male patients with a median age of 63 years and median diverticular diameter of 7.0 cm. The median operative time was 185 min (p < 0.0001). Two grade III postoperative complications were observed (15.3%). Therapeutic success was achieved in all patients (100%). Conclusions: Acquired bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm can be effectively managed either by a laparoscopic approach or by endoscopic fulguration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/910017
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