Over the last decades, the growth in nanotechnology has provoked an increase in the number of its applications and consumer products that incorporate nanomaterials in their formulation. Metal nanoparticles are released to the marine environment and they can interact with cells by colloids forces establish a nano-bio interface. This interface can be compatible or generate bioadverse effects to cells. The daily use of CeO2 nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) in industrial catalysis, sunscreen, fuel cells, fuel additives and biomedicine and their potential release into aquatic environments has turned them into a new emerging pollutant of concern. It is necessary to assess of effects of CeO2 NPs in aquatic organisms and understand the potential mechanisms of action of CeO2 NP toxicity to improve our knowledge about the intrinsic and extrinsic characteristic of CeO2 NPs and the interaction of CeO2 NPs with biomolecules in different environment and biological fluids. The conserved innate immune system of bivalves represents a useful tool for studying immunoregulatory responses when cells are exposed to NPs. In this context, the effects of two different CeO2 NPs with different physico-chemical characteristics (size, shape, zeta potential and Ce+3/Ce+4 ratio) and different behavior with biomolecules in plasma fluid were studied in a series of in vitro assays using primary hemocytes from Mytilus galloprovincialis. Different cellular responses such as lysosome membrane stability, phagocytosis capacity and extracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were evaluated. Our results indicate that the agglomeration state of CeO2 NPs in the exposure media did not appear to have a substantial role in particle effects, while differences in shape, zeta potential and biocorona formation in NPs appear to be important in provoking negative impacts on hemocytes. The negative charge and the rounded shape of CeO2 NPs, which formed Cu, Zn-SOD biocorona in hemolymph serum (HS), triggered higher changes in the biomarker of stress (LMS) and immunological parameters (ROS and phagocytosis capacity). On the other hand, the almost neutral surface charge and well-faceted shape of CeO2 NPs did not show either biocorona formation in HS under tested conditions or significant responses. According to the results, the most relevant conclusion of this work is that not only the physicochemical characterization of CeO2 NPs plays an important role in NPs toxicity but also the study of the interaction of NPs with biological fluids is essential to know it behavior and toxicity at cellular level.
|Titolo:||Cytotoxicity of CeO2 nanoparticles using in vitro assay with Mytilus galloprovincialis hemocytes: Relevance of zeta potential, shape and biocorona formation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|