Background: Acid exposure time (AET) is considered the most useful parameter to predict response of reflux-related heartburn to medical or surgical treatment. However, recent studies showed high rates of heartburn response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy in patients with normal AET. We aimed to compare the efficacy of postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index and mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) with AET in linking PPI-responsive heartburn to reflux. Methods: Off-therapy impedance-pH tracings from 425 patients, 317 with PPI-responsive and 108 with PPI-refractory heartburn were blindly re-analyzed. Demographic and endoscopic characteristics, conventional impedance-pH variables, PSPW index, and MNBI were assessed with multivariate logistic regression to identify factors independently associated with PPI responsiveness. Prediction models were developed to assess the strength of reflux linkage with factors independently associated with PPI responsiveness by calculating the area under the curve (AUC) at receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis. Key Results: At multivariate logistic regression analysis, AET, MNBI, and PSPW index were the only factors independently associated with PPI responsiveness, abnormal values found in 60%, 76%, and 92% of PPI-responsive cases (P<.017). At ROC analysis, PSPW index (AUC:.794, P=.002) and MNBI (AUC: 0.742, P=.003), both separately and combined (AUC: 0.811, P<.001) linked reflux with PPI-responsiveness better than AET (AUC: 0.687). Conclusions & Inferences: AET, PSPW index, and MNBI are independently associated with PPI-responsive heartburn. PSPW index and MNBI can link PPI-responsive heartburn to reflux better than AET and should become part of the standard analysis of impedance-pH tracings.

Postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index and nocturnal baseline impedance can link PPI-responsive heartburn to reflux better than acid exposure time

Furnari, M.;
2017

Abstract

Background: Acid exposure time (AET) is considered the most useful parameter to predict response of reflux-related heartburn to medical or surgical treatment. However, recent studies showed high rates of heartburn response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy in patients with normal AET. We aimed to compare the efficacy of postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index and mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) with AET in linking PPI-responsive heartburn to reflux. Methods: Off-therapy impedance-pH tracings from 425 patients, 317 with PPI-responsive and 108 with PPI-refractory heartburn were blindly re-analyzed. Demographic and endoscopic characteristics, conventional impedance-pH variables, PSPW index, and MNBI were assessed with multivariate logistic regression to identify factors independently associated with PPI responsiveness. Prediction models were developed to assess the strength of reflux linkage with factors independently associated with PPI responsiveness by calculating the area under the curve (AUC) at receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis. Key Results: At multivariate logistic regression analysis, AET, MNBI, and PSPW index were the only factors independently associated with PPI responsiveness, abnormal values found in 60%, 76%, and 92% of PPI-responsive cases (P<.017). At ROC analysis, PSPW index (AUC:.794, P=.002) and MNBI (AUC: 0.742, P=.003), both separately and combined (AUC: 0.811, P<.001) linked reflux with PPI-responsiveness better than AET (AUC: 0.687). Conclusions & Inferences: AET, PSPW index, and MNBI are independently associated with PPI-responsive heartburn. PSPW index and MNBI can link PPI-responsive heartburn to reflux better than AET and should become part of the standard analysis of impedance-pH tracings.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
5 Postreflux swallow- induced peristaltic wave index and nocturnal baseline impedance.pdf

accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Documento in versione editoriale
Dimensione 633.4 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
633.4 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/901894
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 23
  • Scopus 74
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 67
social impact