This work focuses on the treatment of synthetic wastewater polluted with dye Procion Red MX-5B by different Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes (EAOP) based on diamond anodes. The influence of the current density and the supporting electrolyte has been studied on dye removal and total mineralization of the organic matter. Results show that electrolysis with diamond electrodes is a suitable technology for an efficient degradation of dye. Nonetheless, the process efficiency increases when using chloride as supporting electrolyte because of the electrochemical generation of hypochlorite in wastewater which significantly contribute to dye removal. On the contrary, the total mineralization of the organic matter is more efficient in sulfate media. In this case, large amounts of peroxodisulfate are electrogenerated, favoring the complete removal of total organic carbon (TOC). On the other hand, lower current densities (10 mA cm−2) lead to a more efficient removal of both dye and TOC due to the mass transfer limitations of the technology. Finally, the coupling of UV light irradiation or ultrasound to electrolysis significantly improves the process performance, being photoelectrolysis the most efficient technology for the treatment of wastewater polluted with Procion Red MX-5B. This fact is due to the potential production of free chlorine or sulfate radicals that takes place by the activation of the electrogenerated oxidants. These species are more reactive than oxidants and, therefore, they quickly attack the organic matter present in wastewater.

Degradation of dye Procion Red MX-5B by electrolytic and electro-irradiated technologies using diamond electrodes

Clematis, Davide;Carpanese, Maria Paola;Panizza, Marco
2018

Abstract

This work focuses on the treatment of synthetic wastewater polluted with dye Procion Red MX-5B by different Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes (EAOP) based on diamond anodes. The influence of the current density and the supporting electrolyte has been studied on dye removal and total mineralization of the organic matter. Results show that electrolysis with diamond electrodes is a suitable technology for an efficient degradation of dye. Nonetheless, the process efficiency increases when using chloride as supporting electrolyte because of the electrochemical generation of hypochlorite in wastewater which significantly contribute to dye removal. On the contrary, the total mineralization of the organic matter is more efficient in sulfate media. In this case, large amounts of peroxodisulfate are electrogenerated, favoring the complete removal of total organic carbon (TOC). On the other hand, lower current densities (10 mA cm−2) lead to a more efficient removal of both dye and TOC due to the mass transfer limitations of the technology. Finally, the coupling of UV light irradiation or ultrasound to electrolysis significantly improves the process performance, being photoelectrolysis the most efficient technology for the treatment of wastewater polluted with Procion Red MX-5B. This fact is due to the potential production of free chlorine or sulfate radicals that takes place by the activation of the electrogenerated oxidants. These species are more reactive than oxidants and, therefore, they quickly attack the organic matter present in wastewater.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/896804
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