Oxidative stress is a primary risk factor for both inflammatory and degenerative retinopathies. Our previous data on blue light-irradiated retinas demonstrated an oxidative stress higher in the rod outer segment (OS) than in the inner limb, leading to impairment of the rod OS extra-mitochondrial aerobic metabolism. Here the oxidative metabolism and Reactive Oxygen Intermediates (ROI) production was evaluated in purified bovine rod OS in function of exposure to different illumination conditions. A dose response was observed to varying light intensities and duration in terms of both ROI production and ATP synthesis. Pretreatment with resveratrol, inhibitor of F1Fo-ATP synthase, or metformin, inhibitor of the respiratory complex I, significantly diminished the ROI production. Metformin also diminished the rod OS Complex I activity and reduced the maximal OS response to light in ATP production. Data show for the first time the relationship existing in the rod OS between its -aerobic- metabolism, light absorption, and ROI production. A beneficial effect was exerted by metformin and resveratrol, in modulating the ROI production in the illuminated rod OS, suggestive of their beneficial action also in vivo. Data shed new light on preventative interventions for cone loss secondary to rod damage due to oxidative stress.

Modulation of the rod outer segment aerobic metabolism diminishes the production of radicals due to light absorption

Calzia, Daniela;Traverso, Carlo Enrico;Panfoli, Isabella
2018

Abstract

Oxidative stress is a primary risk factor for both inflammatory and degenerative retinopathies. Our previous data on blue light-irradiated retinas demonstrated an oxidative stress higher in the rod outer segment (OS) than in the inner limb, leading to impairment of the rod OS extra-mitochondrial aerobic metabolism. Here the oxidative metabolism and Reactive Oxygen Intermediates (ROI) production was evaluated in purified bovine rod OS in function of exposure to different illumination conditions. A dose response was observed to varying light intensities and duration in terms of both ROI production and ATP synthesis. Pretreatment with resveratrol, inhibitor of F1Fo-ATP synthase, or metformin, inhibitor of the respiratory complex I, significantly diminished the ROI production. Metformin also diminished the rod OS Complex I activity and reduced the maximal OS response to light in ATP production. Data show for the first time the relationship existing in the rod OS between its -aerobic- metabolism, light absorption, and ROI production. A beneficial effect was exerted by metformin and resveratrol, in modulating the ROI production in the illuminated rod OS, suggestive of their beneficial action also in vivo. Data shed new light on preventative interventions for cone loss secondary to rod damage due to oxidative stress.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/890701
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