In the spectrum of current energy possibilities, hydrogen represents a solution of great interest toward a future sustainable energy system. No single technology can sustain the energy needs of the whole society, but integration and hybridization are two key strategic features for viable energy production based in hydrogen economy. In the present work, a hydrogen energy model is analyzed. In this model hydrogen is produced through the electrolysis of water, taking advantage of the electrical energy produced by a renewable generator (photovoltaic panels). The produced hydrogen is chemically stored by the synthesis of sodium borohydride (NaBH4). NaBH4promising features in terms of safety and high volumetric density are exploited for transportation to a remote site where hydrogen is released from NaBH4hydrolysis and used for energy production. This model is compared from an economic standpoint with the traditional hydrogen storage and transportation technology (compressed hydrogen in tanks). This paper presents a thermodynamic and economic analysis of the process in order to determine its economic feasibility. Data employed for the realization of the model have been gathered from recent important progresses made on the subject. The innovative plant including NaBH4synthesis and transportation is compared from an economic standpoint with the traditional hydrogen storage and transportation technology (compressed hydrogen in tanks). As a final point, the best technology and the components’ optimal sizes are evaluated for both cases in order to minimize production costs.

Thermo-economic analysis of a hydrogen production system by sodium borohydride (NaBH4)

Rivarolo, M.;IMPROTA, OLIVIA;Magistri, L.;Panizza, M.;Barbucci, A.
2018

Abstract

In the spectrum of current energy possibilities, hydrogen represents a solution of great interest toward a future sustainable energy system. No single technology can sustain the energy needs of the whole society, but integration and hybridization are two key strategic features for viable energy production based in hydrogen economy. In the present work, a hydrogen energy model is analyzed. In this model hydrogen is produced through the electrolysis of water, taking advantage of the electrical energy produced by a renewable generator (photovoltaic panels). The produced hydrogen is chemically stored by the synthesis of sodium borohydride (NaBH4). NaBH4promising features in terms of safety and high volumetric density are exploited for transportation to a remote site where hydrogen is released from NaBH4hydrolysis and used for energy production. This model is compared from an economic standpoint with the traditional hydrogen storage and transportation technology (compressed hydrogen in tanks). This paper presents a thermodynamic and economic analysis of the process in order to determine its economic feasibility. Data employed for the realization of the model have been gathered from recent important progresses made on the subject. The innovative plant including NaBH4synthesis and transportation is compared from an economic standpoint with the traditional hydrogen storage and transportation technology (compressed hydrogen in tanks). As a final point, the best technology and the components’ optimal sizes are evaluated for both cases in order to minimize production costs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/887646
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