Oxidative polymerization of tyrosol by horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-H2O2afforded an insoluble product (oligotyrosol, OligoTyr) consisting of mixture of linear oligomers (up to 11-mer) with limited benzylic branching points, as evidenced by ESI-MS and solid state13C NMR analysis. OligoTyr proved to be significantly more active than tyrosol in several antioxidant assays and was not toxic to human osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cells, stimulating alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity at day 7 in a similar manner as tyrosol. However, when loaded at 5% w/w into highly porous polylactic acid (PLA) scaffolds featuring hierarchical structures, OligoTyr caused a significant increase in the ALP activity of SaOS-2 cells compared to PLA alone, while tyrosol was completely inactive. A release of ca. 5% from PLA was determined after 1 week in a physiological medium. No significant influence on calcium release from PLA scaffolds containing 5% Î²-tricalcium phosphate was observed.
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|Titolo:||Powering tyrosol antioxidant capacity and osteogenic activity by biocatalytic polymerization|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|