BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (HF) is a relevant and growing public health problem. Although the prognosis has recently improved, it remains a lethal disease, with a mortality that equals or exceeds that of many malignancies. Furthermore, chronic HF is costly, representing a large and growing drain on healthcare resources. METHODS: This narrative review is based on the material searched for and obtained via PubMed up to May 2017. The search terms we used were: "heart failure, echocardiography, natriuretic peptides" in combination with "treatment, biomarkers, guidelines". RESULTS: Particularly, hospitalization contributes to the greatest proportion of expenditure. Recent studies have supported the value of natriuretic peptides (NPs) and Doppler echocardiographic biomarkers of increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressures or pulmonary congestion as tools to scrutinize patients with impending clinically overt HF. Therefore, combination of pulsed-wave tissue and blood-flow Doppler with NPs appears valuable in guiding HF management in the outpatient setting. In as much as both the echo and the plasma levels of NPs may reflect the presence of fluid overload and elevations of LV filling pressures, integrating NP and echocardiographic biomarkers with clinical findings may help the cardiologist to identify high-risk patients, i.e. to recognize whether a patient is stable or the condition is likely to evolve into decompensated HF, to optimize treatment, to improve the prognosis and to reduce re-hospitalization. CONCLUSION: we discussed the rationale and the clinical significance of combining follow-up echo and NP assessment to guide management of ambulatory patients with chronic HF.
|Titolo:||Combining echo and natriuretic peptides to guide heart failure care in the outpatient setting: a position paper|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|