In the latest years, several attempts to develop extracellular microtransducers to record electrophysiological activity of excitable cells have been done. In particular, many efforts have been oriented to increase the coupling conditions, and, thus, improving the quality of the recorded signal. Gold mushroom-shaped microelectrodes (GMμE) are an example of nano-devices to achieve those requirements. In this study, we developed an equivalent electrical circuit of the neuron–microelectrode system interface to simulate signal recordings from both planar and engulfed micro-nano-electrodes. To this purpose, models of the neuron, planar, gold planar microelectrode, and GMμE, neuro-electronic junction (microelectrode–electrolyte interface, cleft effect, and protein-glycocalyx electric double layer) are presented. Then, neuronal electrical activity is simulated by Hspice software, and analyzed as a function of the most sensitive biophysical models parameters, such as the neuron–microelectrode cleft width, spreading and seal resistances, ion-channel densities, double-layer properties, and microelectrode geometries. Results are referenced to the experimentally recorded electrophysiological neuronal signals reported in the literature.

Equivalent Circuit of the Neuro-Electronic Junction for Signal Recordings From Planar and Engulfed Micro-Nano-Electrodes

Massobrio, Giuseppe;Martinoia, Sergio;Massobrio, Paolo
2017

Abstract

In the latest years, several attempts to develop extracellular microtransducers to record electrophysiological activity of excitable cells have been done. In particular, many efforts have been oriented to increase the coupling conditions, and, thus, improving the quality of the recorded signal. Gold mushroom-shaped microelectrodes (GMμE) are an example of nano-devices to achieve those requirements. In this study, we developed an equivalent electrical circuit of the neuron–microelectrode system interface to simulate signal recordings from both planar and engulfed micro-nano-electrodes. To this purpose, models of the neuron, planar, gold planar microelectrode, and GMμE, neuro-electronic junction (microelectrode–electrolyte interface, cleft effect, and protein-glycocalyx electric double layer) are presented. Then, neuronal electrical activity is simulated by Hspice software, and analyzed as a function of the most sensitive biophysical models parameters, such as the neuron–microelectrode cleft width, spreading and seal resistances, ion-channel densities, double-layer properties, and microelectrode geometries. Results are referenced to the experimentally recorded electrophysiological neuronal signals reported in the literature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/884213
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