The R2PdGe6series (R = rare earth metal) was structurally characterized, and the results achieved were extended for a comprehensive study on R2MGe6(M = another metal) compounds, employing symmetry-based structural rationalization and energy calculations. Directly synthesized R2PdGe6exists for almost all R-components (R = Y, La-Nd, Sm and Gd-Lu) and even if with La is probably metastable. Several single crystal X-ray analyses (R = Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Er and Lu) indicated oS72-Ce2(Ga0.1Ge0.9)7as the correct structure. The alternative In-flux method, once optimized, produced three good quality R2PdGe6single crystals: La2PdGe6and Pr2PdGe6turned out to be mS36-La2AlGe6-type non-merohedrally twinned crystals and Yb2PdGe6is of oS72-Ce2(Ga0.1Ge0.9)7-type. The vacancy ordering phenomenon was considered as a possible cause of the symmetry reduction relations connecting the most frequently reported 2:1:6 structural models (oS18, oS72 and mS36) with the oS20-SmNiGe3aristotype. The detected twin formation is consistent with the symmetry relations, which are discussed even considering the validity of the different structural models. DFT total energy calculations were performed for R2PdGe6(R = Y and La) in the three abovementioned structural models, and for La2MGe6(M = Pt, Cu, Ag and Au) in the oS18 and oS72 modifications. The results indicate that the oS18-Ce2CuGe6structure, prevalently proposed in the literature, is associated with the highest energy and thus it is not likely to be realized in these series. The oS72 and mS36 polytypes are energetically equivalent, and small changes in the synthetic conditions could easily stabilize any of them, in agreement with experimental results obtained by direct and flux syntheses.

A new glance on R2MGe6 (R = rare earth metal, M = another metal) compounds. An experimental and theoretical study of R2PdGe6germanides

FRECCERO, RICCARDO;SOLOKHA, PAVLO;SACCONE, ADRIANA;DE NEGRI, SERENA
2017

Abstract

The R2PdGe6series (R = rare earth metal) was structurally characterized, and the results achieved were extended for a comprehensive study on R2MGe6(M = another metal) compounds, employing symmetry-based structural rationalization and energy calculations. Directly synthesized R2PdGe6exists for almost all R-components (R = Y, La-Nd, Sm and Gd-Lu) and even if with La is probably metastable. Several single crystal X-ray analyses (R = Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Er and Lu) indicated oS72-Ce2(Ga0.1Ge0.9)7as the correct structure. The alternative In-flux method, once optimized, produced three good quality R2PdGe6single crystals: La2PdGe6and Pr2PdGe6turned out to be mS36-La2AlGe6-type non-merohedrally twinned crystals and Yb2PdGe6is of oS72-Ce2(Ga0.1Ge0.9)7-type. The vacancy ordering phenomenon was considered as a possible cause of the symmetry reduction relations connecting the most frequently reported 2:1:6 structural models (oS18, oS72 and mS36) with the oS20-SmNiGe3aristotype. The detected twin formation is consistent with the symmetry relations, which are discussed even considering the validity of the different structural models. DFT total energy calculations were performed for R2PdGe6(R = Y and La) in the three abovementioned structural models, and for La2MGe6(M = Pt, Cu, Ag and Au) in the oS18 and oS72 modifications. The results indicate that the oS18-Ce2CuGe6structure, prevalently proposed in the literature, is associated with the highest energy and thus it is not likely to be realized in these series. The oS72 and mS36 polytypes are energetically equivalent, and small changes in the synthetic conditions could easily stabilize any of them, in agreement with experimental results obtained by direct and flux syntheses.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Freccero_et_al_Dalton_Trans_2017.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in versione editoriale
Dimensione 6.23 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.23 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/879683
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact