Objectives: Melatonin is a chronobiotic treatment which also alleviates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD). Because the mechanisms of this benefit are unclear, we evaluated the clock-dependent REM sleep characteristics in patients with RBD, whether idiopathic (iRBD) or associated with Parkinson's Disease (PD), and we compared findings with PD patients without RBD and with healthy subjects. Methods: An overnight videopolysomnography was performed in ten iRBD patients, ten PD patients with RBD (PD + RBD+), ten PD patients without RBD (PD + RBD-), and ten controls. The rapid eye movement frequency per minute (REMs index), the tonic and phasic electromyographic (EMG) activity of the levator menti muscle, and the duration of each REM sleep episode were evaluated. A generalized linear model was applied in each group, with the REM sleep cycle (four ordinal levels) as the dependent variable, as a function of REMs index, REM sleep duration, and tonic and phasic EMG activity. Results: From the first to the fourth sleep cycle, REM sleep duration progressively increased in controls only, REMs index increased in subjects without RBD but not in patients with RBD, whether idiopathic or associated with PD, whereas tonic and phasic EMG activity did not change. Conclusions: Patients with PD or iRBD lost the physiologic nocturnal increase in REM sleep duration, and patients with RBD (either with or without PD) lost the increase of REMs frequency across the night, suggesting an alteration in the circadian system in RBD. This supports the hypothesis of a direct effect of melatonin on RBD symptoms by its chronobiotic activity.

Loss of REM sleep features across nighttime in REM sleep behavior disorder

ARNALDI, DARIO;
2016

Abstract

Objectives: Melatonin is a chronobiotic treatment which also alleviates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD). Because the mechanisms of this benefit are unclear, we evaluated the clock-dependent REM sleep characteristics in patients with RBD, whether idiopathic (iRBD) or associated with Parkinson's Disease (PD), and we compared findings with PD patients without RBD and with healthy subjects. Methods: An overnight videopolysomnography was performed in ten iRBD patients, ten PD patients with RBD (PD + RBD+), ten PD patients without RBD (PD + RBD-), and ten controls. The rapid eye movement frequency per minute (REMs index), the tonic and phasic electromyographic (EMG) activity of the levator menti muscle, and the duration of each REM sleep episode were evaluated. A generalized linear model was applied in each group, with the REM sleep cycle (four ordinal levels) as the dependent variable, as a function of REMs index, REM sleep duration, and tonic and phasic EMG activity. Results: From the first to the fourth sleep cycle, REM sleep duration progressively increased in controls only, REMs index increased in subjects without RBD but not in patients with RBD, whether idiopathic or associated with PD, whereas tonic and phasic EMG activity did not change. Conclusions: Patients with PD or iRBD lost the physiologic nocturnal increase in REM sleep duration, and patients with RBD (either with or without PD) lost the increase of REMs frequency across the night, suggesting an alteration in the circadian system in RBD. This supports the hypothesis of a direct effect of melatonin on RBD symptoms by its chronobiotic activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/876147
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