Stable hydrosols of gold and silver nanoparticles coated with the quaternary-ammonium group endowed diacetylene DAAMM (N,N,N-trimethyl-3-(pentacosa-10,12-diynamido)propan-1-ammonium) were obtained through a ligand-exchange reaction leaving the morphology of the pristine cores unmodified. Photopolymerization of the chemisorbed diacetylene shell occurred in both red and blue phases thanks to the presence of internal, H-bondable amide functions in the monomer chain, which are supposed to help the formation of a packed bilayer on the metal surfaces. Multidisciplinary characterization of the polymerized samples, including spectroscopic, morphological and thermal techniques, highlighted that differences occur in the polymerization process on gold and silver nanoparticles under different experimental conditions, suggesting a higher affinity of the trimethylammonium headgroup for gold substrates in acidic media. With respect to the extensively investigated PCDA (pentacosa-10,12-diynoic acid), DAAMM showed reduced capability of photogenerating thick polymer shells, especially in the more delocalized blue form, probably because of the inefficiency of the cationic monomer to form the multi-bilayered architecture typical of the highly-performing, carboxyl-terminated diacetylene. On the other end, the inner cross-linked structure gives to poly(DAAMM)-coated nanohybrids increased stability in water with respect to self-assembled counterparts deriving from saturated cationic surfactants, making them a promising sensing platform for rapid and cost effective assays of real samples.
|Titolo:||Self-assembly and photopolymerization of a novel quaternary-ammonium functionalized diacetylene on noble metal nanoparticles: A comparative study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|