The membranes of thermophilic archaebacteria are characterized by the presence of unusual bipolar saturated isoprenoid lipids. In order to investigate their molecular arrangement in the membrane and a possible influence on transport properties, we studied black films made from lipids of Caldariella acidophila, one of the most thermophilic archaebacteria. Details on the kinetics of formation at various temperatures are presented. Capacitance, compressibility and valinomycin-induced conductance values are compared with the corresponding data for a glycerol-monooleate (GMO) bilayer. A very peculiar behavior is presented by the bipolar lipid films studied. In fact, the values of conductance are more than two orders of magnitude lower than those of a GMO bilayer, while the values of capacitance and compressibility do not depend appreciably on the solvent in which the lipid is dispersed (in contrast with a GMO bilayer, where there is a 100% change). The results are discussed in terms of a proposed model of a monolayer organization of bipolar lipids and of the unusual composition of the hydrophobic core of the membrane. © 1982.
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|Titolo:||533-Structure and transport properties of artificial bipolar lipid membranes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1982|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|