The seismic response of masonry vaults is discussed by presenting the results of an experimentalcampaign on a small-scale model and their numerical simulation though a heterogeneous full 3Dnon-linear Finite Element (FE) approach. The model relies into a discretization of the blocks by meansof few rigid-infinitely resistant parallelepiped elements interacting by means of planar four-noded inter-faces, where all the deformation (elastic and inelastic) occurs. In the framework of a heterogeneousapproach, two typologies of interfaces are present, namely internal brick–brick interfaces, here assumedelastic, and mortar joints with zero thickness, behaving as a frictional (Mohr–Coulomb) material withinfinite strength in compression and almost vanishing tensile strength. The model is incremental, non-linear elasto-plastic and exhibits softening at mortar interfaces. Each load step is solved by means ofmathematical programming, i.e. through the formulation of a suitable constrained minimization problemwhere the objective function is represented by the energy of the mechanical system. The experimentaland numerical results are compared and discussed in terms of both collapse mechanisms and force/dis-placement capacity.

Tilting plane tests on a small-scale masonry cross vault: Experimental results and numerical simulations through a heterogeneous approach

ROSSI, MICHELA;CALDERINI, CHIARA;LAGOMARSINO, SERGIO
2016-01-01

Abstract

The seismic response of masonry vaults is discussed by presenting the results of an experimentalcampaign on a small-scale model and their numerical simulation though a heterogeneous full 3Dnon-linear Finite Element (FE) approach. The model relies into a discretization of the blocks by meansof few rigid-infinitely resistant parallelepiped elements interacting by means of planar four-noded inter-faces, where all the deformation (elastic and inelastic) occurs. In the framework of a heterogeneousapproach, two typologies of interfaces are present, namely internal brick–brick interfaces, here assumedelastic, and mortar joints with zero thickness, behaving as a frictional (Mohr–Coulomb) material withinfinite strength in compression and almost vanishing tensile strength. The model is incremental, non-linear elasto-plastic and exhibits softening at mortar interfaces. Each load step is solved by means ofmathematical programming, i.e. through the formulation of a suitable constrained minimization problemwhere the objective function is represented by the energy of the mechanical system. The experimentaland numerical results are compared and discussed in terms of both collapse mechanisms and force/dis-placement capacity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/866461
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