BACKGROUND: Soluble mediators have been investigated to predict the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Among them, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) might have both clinical and pathophysiological relevance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All available serum samples from a cohort of patients with first AIS (n=72) were tested for PCSK9 and included in this sub-study analysis. The primary endpoint investigated the predictive value of early PCSK9 level variations (ΔPCSK9) from AIS onset to day 7 or from day 1 to day 7, towards a 90-day outcome by modified Rankin Scale (mRS). The secondary endpoint explored the association between ΔPCSK9 and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). RESULTS: Decreased serum PCSK9 levels at days 1 and 7 were associated with poor clinical outcomes at day 90. At the cut-off point identified by ROC curve analysis (-61.28 ng/mL), ΔPCSK9 day 7-day 1 predicted a poor mRS at day 90 after AIS. ΔPCSK9 day 7-day 1 ≤-61.28 ng/mL was associated with an increased rate of MACEs. CONCLUSION: a decrease in PCSK9 levels was a predictor for poor outcome and increased MACEs after AIS. Additional studies targeting post-AIS PCSK9 levels and activity are required to clarify the prognostic and pathophysiological relevance of PCSK9 after AIS.
|Titolo:||Decreased serum PCSK9 levels after ischemic stroke predict worse outcomes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|
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