Objective: Photobiomodulation is proposed as a non-linear process. Only the action of light at a low intensity and fluence is assumed to have stimulation on cells; whereas a higher light intensity and fluence generates negative effects, exhausting the cell's energy reserve as a consequence of a too strong stimulation. In our work, we detected the photobiomodulatory effect of an 808-nm higher-fluence diode laser [64 J/cm2-1 W, continuous wave (CW)] irradiated by a flat-top handpiece on mitochondria activities, such as oxygen consumption, activity of mitochondria complexes I, II, III, and IV, and cytochrome c as well as ATP synthesis. Materials and methods: The experiments are performed by standard procedure on mitochondria purified from bovine liver. Results: Our higher-fluence diode laser positively photobiomodulates the mitochondria oxygen consumption, the activity of the complexes III and IV, and the ATP production, with a P/O = 2.6. The other activities are not influenced. Conclusion: Our data show for the first time that even the higher fluences (64 J/cm2-1 W), similar to the low fluences, can photobiostimulate the mitochondria respiratory chain without uncoupling them and can induce an increment in the ATP production. These results suggest that the negative effects of higher fluences observed to date are not unequivocally due to higher fluence per se but might be a consequence of the irradiation carried by handpieces with a Gaussian profile.
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|Titolo:||An 808-nm Diode Laser with a Flat-Top Handpiece Positively Photobiomodulates Mitochondria Activities|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|