OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of long-term treatment with bosentan on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with systemic sclerosis. METHODS: Patients with systemic sclerosis were followed between 2003 and 2014; those who developed digital ulcers were treated with standard regimens of bosentan. Patients were assessed at baseline and every 12 months using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography, 6-min walking distance test, Borg dyspnoea index and monitoring of plasma levels of 76-amino-acid N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide. Patients who developed PAH underwent right heart catheterization to confirm the diagnosis. RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients with systemic sclerosis were enrolled in the study. Of these, 25 developed digital ulcers and received treatment with bosentan; the remaining 44 comprised the control group. None of the patients treated with bosentan developed PAH during the follow-up period. Furthermore, in these patients the mean ± SD systolic pulmonary arterial pressure significantly decreased from 33.64 ± 2.91 mmHg at baseline to 26.20 ± 1.78 mmHg at the end of the follow-up period. In contrast, in the control group, seven patients developed PAH during the follow-up period, with the mean ± SD systolic pulmonary arterial pressure significantly increasing from 33.57 ± 2.75 mmHg at baseline to 39.41 ± 4.11 mmHg at the end of the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Long-term treatment with bosentan reduces the risk of developing PAH in patients with systemic sclerosis.

Beneficial effects of long-term treatment with bosentan on the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with systemic sclerosis

MURDACA, GIUSEPPE;LANTIERI, FRANCESCA;PUPPO, FRANCESCO;Bezante, Gian Paolo;BALBI, MANRICO
2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of long-term treatment with bosentan on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with systemic sclerosis. METHODS: Patients with systemic sclerosis were followed between 2003 and 2014; those who developed digital ulcers were treated with standard regimens of bosentan. Patients were assessed at baseline and every 12 months using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography, 6-min walking distance test, Borg dyspnoea index and monitoring of plasma levels of 76-amino-acid N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide. Patients who developed PAH underwent right heart catheterization to confirm the diagnosis. RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients with systemic sclerosis were enrolled in the study. Of these, 25 developed digital ulcers and received treatment with bosentan; the remaining 44 comprised the control group. None of the patients treated with bosentan developed PAH during the follow-up period. Furthermore, in these patients the mean ± SD systolic pulmonary arterial pressure significantly decreased from 33.64 ± 2.91 mmHg at baseline to 26.20 ± 1.78 mmHg at the end of the follow-up period. In contrast, in the control group, seven patients developed PAH during the follow-up period, with the mean ± SD systolic pulmonary arterial pressure significantly increasing from 33.57 ± 2.75 mmHg at baseline to 39.41 ± 4.11 mmHg at the end of the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Long-term treatment with bosentan reduces the risk of developing PAH in patients with systemic sclerosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/846323
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