The problem of reducing congestion within urban areas by means of a traffic-responsive control strategy is addressed in this paper. The model of an urban traffic network is microscopically represented by means of deterministic and stochastic Petri nets, which allow a compact representation of the dynamic traffic network. To properly model traffic congestion, intersections are divided into crossing sections, and roads have limited capacity. Each intersection includes a multiphase traffic signal, whose sequence of phases is given and represented by a timed Petri net. The control strategy proposed in this paper aims at minimizing queue lengths by optimizing the duration of each signal phase. This is accomplished by heuristically solving a stochastic optimization problem within a receding-horizon scheme, to take into account the actual traffic flow entering the network, thus making the proposed approach traffic-responsive. In this framework, the Petri nets play a key role, as the cost function to be minimized is a function of the marking, and the constraints include the marking state evolution. The proposed strategy is applicable to both undersaturated and oversaturated traffic conditions.

A Deterministic and Stochastic Petri Net Model for Traffic-Responsive Signaling Control in Urban Areas

DI FEBBRARO, ANGELA;GIGLIO, DAVIDE;SACCO, NICOLA
2016-01-01

Abstract

The problem of reducing congestion within urban areas by means of a traffic-responsive control strategy is addressed in this paper. The model of an urban traffic network is microscopically represented by means of deterministic and stochastic Petri nets, which allow a compact representation of the dynamic traffic network. To properly model traffic congestion, intersections are divided into crossing sections, and roads have limited capacity. Each intersection includes a multiphase traffic signal, whose sequence of phases is given and represented by a timed Petri net. The control strategy proposed in this paper aims at minimizing queue lengths by optimizing the duration of each signal phase. This is accomplished by heuristically solving a stochastic optimization problem within a receding-horizon scheme, to take into account the actual traffic flow entering the network, thus making the proposed approach traffic-responsive. In this framework, the Petri nets play a key role, as the cost function to be minimized is a function of the marking, and the constraints include the marking state evolution. The proposed strategy is applicable to both undersaturated and oversaturated traffic conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/844333
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