Introduction: In the last two decades the knowledge of the mechanisms of the inflammatory processes underlying asthma rapidly evolved, several key mediators (cytokines and receptors) were identified, and the laboratory techniques have allowed us to synthesize monoclonal antibodies highly specific for those target molecules. Nowadays, many biological agents are investigated in asthma (with anti IgE being the only commercially available). The clinical efficacy of some biologics was demonstrated in many cases, however, the safety issue has progressively emerged and has been recognized as a crucial aspect. Areas covered: We summarized the currently available knowledge on the safety and side effects of biologics in asthma, as derived by reviews, meta analyses and clinical trials. PubMed was searched with the terms anti IL-x [AND] safety [OR] side effects, within the categories “clinical trial”, meta-analysis” and “review”. Case reports were excluded. The authors collegially selected the relevant entries to be included. Expert opinion: Overall, the safety of most of the investigated agents seems to be satisfactory, a certain risk of side effects remains present, and is variable for the different molecules. Thus caution must be paid in evaluating the risk to benefit ratio. Specific biomarkers to predict the response to each biological are urgently needed to improve the safety profile.

The safety of monoclonal antibodies in asthma

PASSALACQUA, GIOVANNI;Bagnasco, Diego;
2016

Abstract

Introduction: In the last two decades the knowledge of the mechanisms of the inflammatory processes underlying asthma rapidly evolved, several key mediators (cytokines and receptors) were identified, and the laboratory techniques have allowed us to synthesize monoclonal antibodies highly specific for those target molecules. Nowadays, many biological agents are investigated in asthma (with anti IgE being the only commercially available). The clinical efficacy of some biologics was demonstrated in many cases, however, the safety issue has progressively emerged and has been recognized as a crucial aspect. Areas covered: We summarized the currently available knowledge on the safety and side effects of biologics in asthma, as derived by reviews, meta analyses and clinical trials. PubMed was searched with the terms anti IL-x [AND] safety [OR] side effects, within the categories “clinical trial”, meta-analysis” and “review”. Case reports were excluded. The authors collegially selected the relevant entries to be included. Expert opinion: Overall, the safety of most of the investigated agents seems to be satisfactory, a certain risk of side effects remains present, and is variable for the different molecules. Thus caution must be paid in evaluating the risk to benefit ratio. Specific biomarkers to predict the response to each biological are urgently needed to improve the safety profile.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
424-safetymabs.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Dimensione 1.14 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.14 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/844292
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact