A novel ternary phase, SnyNi4Sb12-xSnx, has been characterized and found to exhibit a wide range of homogeneity (at 250 °C, 2.4 ≤ x ≤ 5.6, 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.31; at 350°C, 2.7 ≤ x ≤ 5.0, 0 ≤ y ≤ 0,27). SnyNi4Sb12-xSnx crystallizes in a skutterudite-based structure in which Sn atoms are found to occupy two crystallographically inequivalent sites: (a) Sn and Sb atoms randomly share the 24g site; and (b) a small fraction of Sn atoms occupy the 2a (0, 0, 0) position, with an anomalously large isotropic atomic displacement parameter. Eu0.8Ni4Sb5.8Sn6.2, Yb0.6Ni4Sb6.7Sn5.3 and Ni4As9.1Ge2.9 are isotypic skutterudites. Depending on the particular composition, metallic as well as semiconducting states appear. The crossover from semiconducting to metallic behaviour is discussed in terms of a temperature-dependent carrier concentration employing a simple model density of states with the Fermi energy slightly below a narrow energy gap. This model accounts for the peculiar temperature-dependent electrical resistivity. These skutterudites are characterized by a number of lattice vibrations, which were elucidated by Raman measurements and compared to the specific heat data. The Eucontaining compound exhibits long-range magnetic order at Tmag ≈ 6 K, arising from the Eu2+ ground state.
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|Titolo:||A novel skutterudite phase in the Ni-Sb-Sn system: Phase equilibria and physical properties|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|