OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) and rectal-water contrast transvaginal ultrasonography (RWC-TVS) in diagnosing rectosigmoid endometriosis, the precision in estimating the length of the rectosigmoid nodules and the distance between the nodules and the anal verge. METHODS: This prospective study included 70 patients of reproductive age with clinical suspicion of rectosigmoid endometriosis. Patients underwent RWC-TVS and CTC before laparoscopic excision of endometriosis. The findings of RWC-TVS and CTC were compared with surgical and histological results. RESULTS: Out of 70 patients included in the study, 40 (57.1%) had rectosigmoid endometriosis. CTC and RWC-TVS had similar accuracy in the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis (p = 0.508) and similar precision in estimating the length of the endometriotic nodules (p = 0.077). CTC was more precise than RWC-TVS in estimating the distance between the rectosigmoid nodule and the anal verge (p < 0.001). The intensity of pain experienced during CTC was higher than that perceived during RWC-TVS (p < 0.001); however, intestinal distension for CTC was well tolerated in all patients without significant adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: RWC-TVS and CTC have similar accuracy in the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis and similar precision in estimating the size of these nodules; however, CTC is more precise than RWC-TVS in estimating the distance between the nodules and the anal verge. Patients better tolerate RWC-TVS than CTC.

Computed tomographic colonography versus rectal-water contrast transvaginal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis: a pilot study

FERRERO, SIMONE;VELLONE, VALERIO GAETANO;VENTURINI, PIER LUIGI;LEONE ROBERTI MAGGIORE, UMBERTO
2016-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) and rectal-water contrast transvaginal ultrasonography (RWC-TVS) in diagnosing rectosigmoid endometriosis, the precision in estimating the length of the rectosigmoid nodules and the distance between the nodules and the anal verge. METHODS: This prospective study included 70 patients of reproductive age with clinical suspicion of rectosigmoid endometriosis. Patients underwent RWC-TVS and CTC before laparoscopic excision of endometriosis. The findings of RWC-TVS and CTC were compared with surgical and histological results. RESULTS: Out of 70 patients included in the study, 40 (57.1%) had rectosigmoid endometriosis. CTC and RWC-TVS had similar accuracy in the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis (p = 0.508) and similar precision in estimating the length of the endometriotic nodules (p = 0.077). CTC was more precise than RWC-TVS in estimating the distance between the rectosigmoid nodule and the anal verge (p < 0.001). The intensity of pain experienced during CTC was higher than that perceived during RWC-TVS (p < 0.001); however, intestinal distension for CTC was well tolerated in all patients without significant adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: RWC-TVS and CTC have similar accuracy in the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis and similar precision in estimating the size of these nodules; however, CTC is more precise than RWC-TVS in estimating the distance between the nodules and the anal verge. Patients better tolerate RWC-TVS than CTC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/840263
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