A deranged adipokine system is implicated in obesity and in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and the lack of remission of T2DM after bariatric surgery could be also accounted for by the postoperative persistence of this condition. METHODS: Thirty T2DM patients undergoing biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with a wide range of baseline body mass index (BMI) were evaluated prior to and at 1 and 5 years following BPD. Besides the usual clinical evaluations, acute insulin response (AIR) to intravenous glucose load as a parameter of insulin secretion and the serum leptin and adiponectin concentration were measured throughout the follow-up period in all patients. RESULTS: A long-term T2DM remission was observed in 21 patients (70 %). Serum leptin level reduced at the first year and remained substantially unchanged at a long term in both the remitter and non-remitter patients, while following the operation, a progressive significant increase of serum adiponectin level was observed only in remitter patients (from 9.2 to 12.3 μg/mL at 1 year and to 15.18 μg/mL at 5 years in the remitters and from 8.8 to 8.75 μg/mL at 1 year and to 11.8 μg/mL at 5 years in the non-remitters). Serum leptin mean values were positively associated with the BMI ones both prior to and following BPD (p < 0.005), while serum adiponectin values were positively related (p < 0.04) to the postoperative AIR data. CONCLUSIONS: The improvement of the pattern of cytokine production, as evidenced by postoperative rise in serum adiponectin concentration, might play a role in T2DM remission after bariatric surgery.

Serum Leptin and Adiponectin Concentration in Type 2 Diabetes Patients in the Short and Long Term Following Biliopancreatic Diversion.

ADAMI, GIOVANNI;ANDRAGHETTI, GABRIELLA;CORDERA, RENZO
2016

Abstract

A deranged adipokine system is implicated in obesity and in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and the lack of remission of T2DM after bariatric surgery could be also accounted for by the postoperative persistence of this condition. METHODS: Thirty T2DM patients undergoing biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with a wide range of baseline body mass index (BMI) were evaluated prior to and at 1 and 5 years following BPD. Besides the usual clinical evaluations, acute insulin response (AIR) to intravenous glucose load as a parameter of insulin secretion and the serum leptin and adiponectin concentration were measured throughout the follow-up period in all patients. RESULTS: A long-term T2DM remission was observed in 21 patients (70 %). Serum leptin level reduced at the first year and remained substantially unchanged at a long term in both the remitter and non-remitter patients, while following the operation, a progressive significant increase of serum adiponectin level was observed only in remitter patients (from 9.2 to 12.3 μg/mL at 1 year and to 15.18 μg/mL at 5 years in the remitters and from 8.8 to 8.75 μg/mL at 1 year and to 11.8 μg/mL at 5 years in the non-remitters). Serum leptin mean values were positively associated with the BMI ones both prior to and following BPD (p < 0.005), while serum adiponectin values were positively related (p < 0.04) to the postoperative AIR data. CONCLUSIONS: The improvement of the pattern of cytokine production, as evidenced by postoperative rise in serum adiponectin concentration, might play a role in T2DM remission after bariatric surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/838222
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