The catalytic conversion of ethanol and diethyl ether (DEE) was studied over alumina, zeolites MFI, FER and USY, silica–alumina and calcined hydrotalcite. Zeolites, alumina and silica–alumina are active in the temperature range 453–573 K for both ethanol dehydration to DEE and to ethylene and for DEE cracking and hydrolysis, producing back ethanol and ethylene. Protonic zeolites are more active than alumina which is slightly more active than silica–alumina for these reactions. Ethanol dehydration to DEE occurs selectively at lower temperature with a “bimolecular” mechanism involving reaction of ethoxy groups with undissociated ethanol. Ethanol dehydration to ethylene occurs selectively at relatively high temperature with an elimination mechanism via decomposition of ethoxy groups over these catalysts, but also occurs, at lower temperature, with a consecutive path via DEE formation and cracking.

Diethyl ether cracking and ethanol dehydration: Acid catalysis and reaction paths

PHUNG, THANH KHOA;BUSCA, GUIDO
2015-01-01

Abstract

The catalytic conversion of ethanol and diethyl ether (DEE) was studied over alumina, zeolites MFI, FER and USY, silica–alumina and calcined hydrotalcite. Zeolites, alumina and silica–alumina are active in the temperature range 453–573 K for both ethanol dehydration to DEE and to ethylene and for DEE cracking and hydrolysis, producing back ethanol and ethylene. Protonic zeolites are more active than alumina which is slightly more active than silica–alumina for these reactions. Ethanol dehydration to DEE occurs selectively at lower temperature with a “bimolecular” mechanism involving reaction of ethoxy groups with undissociated ethanol. Ethanol dehydration to ethylene occurs selectively at relatively high temperature with an elimination mechanism via decomposition of ethoxy groups over these catalysts, but also occurs, at lower temperature, with a consecutive path via DEE formation and cracking.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/809334
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