Surgical aortic valve replacement (S-AVR) after previous cardiac surgery is expected to be associated with a high rate of adverse events. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate and identify the determinants of postoperative stroke in these patients. This is a multicenter study including 741 patients who underwent S-AVR after previous cardiac surgery. Forty-eight patients (6.5%; after isolated AVR, 6.0%) suffered stroke and 10 of them died during the in-hospital stay (20.8%). At multivariate analysis, women (10.2% vs 4.4%, odds ratio [OR] 2.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36 to 4.86), emergency procedure (15.1% vs 4.8%, OR 2.63, 95% CI 1.12 to 5.78), perioperative use of intra-aortic balloon pump (22.9% vs 5.3%, OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.15 to 6.19), cardiopulmonary bypass time of >210 minutes (15.7% vs 5.0%, OR 2.31, 95% CI 1.13 to 4.71), blood products transfusion (9.3% vs 0.8%, OR 7.75, 95% CI 1.83 to 32.93), and reexploration for bleeding (24.0% vs 5.2%, OR 4.84, 95% CI 2.18 to 10.77) were independent predictors of postoperative stroke. These findings were confirmed by a regression model including CHA2DS2-VASc score of ≥2, which itself was predictive of stroke (8.2% vs 1.6%, OR 4.52, 95% CI 1.34 to 15.28). Survival at 3 years in patients with postoperative stroke was 51.9%, whereas it was 85.0% in control patients (adjusted analysis: relative risk 2.97 and 1.86 to 4.72, respectively). In conclusion, the risk of postoperative stroke after S-AVR in patients with previous cardiac surgery is high and has an impact on the immediate and late mortality. Excessive bleeding requiring blood transfusion and/or reexploration, prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, and use of intra-aortic balloon pump were associated with an extremely high rate of stroke.

Frequency of and determinants of stroke after surgical aortic valve replacement in patients with previous cardiac surgery (from the Multicenter RECORD Initiative).

Mariscalco G;SANTINI, FRANCESCO;PASSERONE, GIANCARLO;
2013

Abstract

Surgical aortic valve replacement (S-AVR) after previous cardiac surgery is expected to be associated with a high rate of adverse events. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate and identify the determinants of postoperative stroke in these patients. This is a multicenter study including 741 patients who underwent S-AVR after previous cardiac surgery. Forty-eight patients (6.5%; after isolated AVR, 6.0%) suffered stroke and 10 of them died during the in-hospital stay (20.8%). At multivariate analysis, women (10.2% vs 4.4%, odds ratio [OR] 2.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36 to 4.86), emergency procedure (15.1% vs 4.8%, OR 2.63, 95% CI 1.12 to 5.78), perioperative use of intra-aortic balloon pump (22.9% vs 5.3%, OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.15 to 6.19), cardiopulmonary bypass time of >210 minutes (15.7% vs 5.0%, OR 2.31, 95% CI 1.13 to 4.71), blood products transfusion (9.3% vs 0.8%, OR 7.75, 95% CI 1.83 to 32.93), and reexploration for bleeding (24.0% vs 5.2%, OR 4.84, 95% CI 2.18 to 10.77) were independent predictors of postoperative stroke. These findings were confirmed by a regression model including CHA2DS2-VASc score of ≥2, which itself was predictive of stroke (8.2% vs 1.6%, OR 4.52, 95% CI 1.34 to 15.28). Survival at 3 years in patients with postoperative stroke was 51.9%, whereas it was 85.0% in control patients (adjusted analysis: relative risk 2.97 and 1.86 to 4.72, respectively). In conclusion, the risk of postoperative stroke after S-AVR in patients with previous cardiac surgery is high and has an impact on the immediate and late mortality. Excessive bleeding requiring blood transfusion and/or reexploration, prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, and use of intra-aortic balloon pump were associated with an extremely high rate of stroke.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/792231
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