The mechanism of lysosome activation by 17beta-estradiol has been studied in mussel blood cells. Cell treatment with estradiol induced a sustained increase of cytosolic free Ca2+ that was completely prevented by preincubating the cells with the Ca2+ chelator BAPTA-AM. Estradiol treatment was also followed by destabilization of the lysosomal membranes, as detected in terms of the lysosomes' increased permeability to neutral red. The effect of estradiol on lysosomes was almost completely prevented by preincubation with the inhibitor of cytosolic Ca2+ -dependent PLA2 (cPLA2), arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone (AACOCF3), and was significantly reduced by preincubation with BAPTA-AM. In contrast, it was virtually unaffected by preincubation with the inhibitor of Ca2+ -independent PLA2, (E)-6-(bromomethylene)tetrahydro-3-(1-naphtalenyl)-2H-pyran-2-one (BEL). The Ca2+ ionophore A-23187 yielded similar effects on [Ca2+](i) and lysosomes. Exposure to estradiol also resulted in cPLA2 translocation from cytosol to membranes, lysosome enlargement, and increased protein degradation. These results suggest that the destabilization of lysosomal membranes following cell exposure to estradiol occurs mainly through a Ca2+ -dependent mechanism involving activation of Ca2+ -dependent PLA2. This mechanism promotes lysosome fusion and catabolic activities and may mediate short-term estradiol effects.

Essential Role Of Ca2+-Dependent Phospholipase A2 In Estradiol-Induced Lysosome Activation.

PANFOLI, ISABELLA;
2002

Abstract

The mechanism of lysosome activation by 17beta-estradiol has been studied in mussel blood cells. Cell treatment with estradiol induced a sustained increase of cytosolic free Ca2+ that was completely prevented by preincubating the cells with the Ca2+ chelator BAPTA-AM. Estradiol treatment was also followed by destabilization of the lysosomal membranes, as detected in terms of the lysosomes' increased permeability to neutral red. The effect of estradiol on lysosomes was almost completely prevented by preincubation with the inhibitor of cytosolic Ca2+ -dependent PLA2 (cPLA2), arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone (AACOCF3), and was significantly reduced by preincubation with BAPTA-AM. In contrast, it was virtually unaffected by preincubation with the inhibitor of Ca2+ -independent PLA2, (E)-6-(bromomethylene)tetrahydro-3-(1-naphtalenyl)-2H-pyran-2-one (BEL). The Ca2+ ionophore A-23187 yielded similar effects on [Ca2+](i) and lysosomes. Exposure to estradiol also resulted in cPLA2 translocation from cytosol to membranes, lysosome enlargement, and increased protein degradation. These results suggest that the destabilization of lysosomal membranes following cell exposure to estradiol occurs mainly through a Ca2+ -dependent mechanism involving activation of Ca2+ -dependent PLA2. This mechanism promotes lysosome fusion and catabolic activities and may mediate short-term estradiol effects.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/532539
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 45
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 44
social impact