OBJECTIVES: To provide epidemiological data about psychological symptoms derived from a large Italian non-clinical sample, and to investigate the correlation with psychosocial factors. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional postal survey of a sample of menopausal women recruited from the General Registry Office in Ferrara's province. Four thousands and seventy-three women were sent a questionnaire designed on the basis of the Women Health Questionnaire (WHQ). Together with the WHQ, women were asked to fill out a personal file to define social status, cultural level, family's characteristics, recent menstrual cycles, gynaecological history and operations, drug's assumption, life events in the last year and lifetime depression. RESULTS: Factor analysis resulted in eight clusters of symptoms. Among psychiatric symptoms, three different clusters were identified: depressive symptoms, depressed mood with anxiety symptoms, and anxiety. The cluster "depressive symptoms" was more evident in the postmenopausal period with respect to the premenopausal one. CONCLUSION: The cluster "depressive symptoms" is significantly different in the premenopausal group with respect to the postmenopausal group, with greater levels of symptomatology in the postmenopausal group. On the contrary, the factor "depressed mood with anxiety symptoms" is present to the same extent in the pre-, peri- and postmenopausal groups. Prior depression is the most predictive variable of subsequent depression in postmenopausal women. Factors related to more pronounced depressive symptoms are number of life events, postmenopausal status, place of residence in rural areas and lower cultural level

Psychological status at the menopausal transition: an italian epidemiological study

AMORE, MARIO;
2004

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To provide epidemiological data about psychological symptoms derived from a large Italian non-clinical sample, and to investigate the correlation with psychosocial factors. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional postal survey of a sample of menopausal women recruited from the General Registry Office in Ferrara's province. Four thousands and seventy-three women were sent a questionnaire designed on the basis of the Women Health Questionnaire (WHQ). Together with the WHQ, women were asked to fill out a personal file to define social status, cultural level, family's characteristics, recent menstrual cycles, gynaecological history and operations, drug's assumption, life events in the last year and lifetime depression. RESULTS: Factor analysis resulted in eight clusters of symptoms. Among psychiatric symptoms, three different clusters were identified: depressive symptoms, depressed mood with anxiety symptoms, and anxiety. The cluster "depressive symptoms" was more evident in the postmenopausal period with respect to the premenopausal one. CONCLUSION: The cluster "depressive symptoms" is significantly different in the premenopausal group with respect to the postmenopausal group, with greater levels of symptomatology in the postmenopausal group. On the contrary, the factor "depressed mood with anxiety symptoms" is present to the same extent in the pre-, peri- and postmenopausal groups. Prior depression is the most predictive variable of subsequent depression in postmenopausal women. Factors related to more pronounced depressive symptoms are number of life events, postmenopausal status, place of residence in rural areas and lower cultural level
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/503552
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