The effect of counit type on the kinetics of mesophase formation has been investigated by means of chip-calorimetry in propene/α-olefin random copolymers, containing counits which show large differences in their co-crystallization behavior with propene, i.e. 1-butene and 1-hexene. Non-isothermal crystallization experiments indicated that the minimum cooling rate at which mesophase formation is observed is directly related to the kinetic of α-phase crystallization, which is lower for the copolymer with the bulkier 1-hexene counit. Isothermal structuring was probed in a wide temperature range, revealing that a double bell-shaped curve is required to describe the temperature dependence of crystallization times of the two polymorphs. The ordering kinetics of the mesophase is the fastest in i-PP homopolymer and decreases with increasing comonomer bulkiness, analogous to what happens for the monoclinic phase. The results are discussed by considering the effect of comonomer on the driving force for mesophase formation, also at the light of new WAXD and density evidences, which prove different extents of inclusion of 1-butene and 1-hexene in the ordered phases.

Effect of comonomer partitioning on the kinetics of mesophase formation in random copolymers of propene and higher alpha-olefins Polymer

CAVALLO, DARIO;ALFONSO, GIOVANNI CARLO;
2012

Abstract

The effect of counit type on the kinetics of mesophase formation has been investigated by means of chip-calorimetry in propene/α-olefin random copolymers, containing counits which show large differences in their co-crystallization behavior with propene, i.e. 1-butene and 1-hexene. Non-isothermal crystallization experiments indicated that the minimum cooling rate at which mesophase formation is observed is directly related to the kinetic of α-phase crystallization, which is lower for the copolymer with the bulkier 1-hexene counit. Isothermal structuring was probed in a wide temperature range, revealing that a double bell-shaped curve is required to describe the temperature dependence of crystallization times of the two polymorphs. The ordering kinetics of the mesophase is the fastest in i-PP homopolymer and decreases with increasing comonomer bulkiness, analogous to what happens for the monoclinic phase. The results are discussed by considering the effect of comonomer on the driving force for mesophase formation, also at the light of new WAXD and density evidences, which prove different extents of inclusion of 1-butene and 1-hexene in the ordered phases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/480919
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